near Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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Meaning of “near” in the English Dictionary

"near" in British English

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nearadverb, preposition

uk   /nɪər/  us   /nɪr/
A1 not ​far away in ​distance: Is there a ​restaurant near here? I'd like to ​sit near a ​window, ​please. Don't come too near me - you might ​catch my ​cold. The ​hotel is near the ​airport. Which ​busstop is nearest (to)yourhouse? I was ​standing just near enough to ​hear what they were saying.B2 not ​far away in ​time: As the ​date of his ​operation drew near, he ​became more and more ​anxious.UK We can ​decide which ​route to take nearer the ​time.C2 almost in a ​particularstate, or ​condition: The ​runnerslooked near ​exhaustion.UK I was near (to)tears (= ​almostcried) at one ​point during the ​film.nowhere near C1 not ​close in ​distance, ​time, ​amount, or ​quality: The ​house was ​nowhere near the ​beach. It's ​nowhere near ​time for us to ​leaveyet. I'm ​nowhere near ​finishing the ​book - I'm only half-way through it. He's ​nowhere near as ​tall as his ​sister.near enough mainly UK informal almost: They're the same ​age or near enough.
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nearadjective [before noun]

uk   /nɪər/  us   /nɪr/
B1 not ​far away in ​distance, ​time, ​characteristics, or ​quality: Where's the nearest ​postoffice? My ​pocketknife is the nearest thing (= the most ​similar thing) to a ​weapon that I have. I couldn't get any ​creamcheese so I ​bought the nearest ​equivalent (= the most ​similar thing) that I could ​find. UK Your near relatives are ​people who are ​closelyrelated to you, such as ​yourparents, ​brothers, or ​sisters.in the near future B2 at a ​time that is not ​far away: All ​ourcomputerequipment will be ​replaced in the near ​future.
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nearness
noun [U] uk   us   /-nəs/
I ​bought my ​house because of ​its nearness to the ​place I ​work.

nearverb [I or T]

uk   /nɪər/  us   /nɪr/
to get ​close to something in ​distance, ​time, or ​state: I'm ​pleased to say the ​project is nearing ​completion. As the ​weddingday neared, I ​started to have second ​thoughts about getting ​married. The ​captainswitched on the ​seatbeltsign as we neared the ​airport.

near-prefix

uk   /nɪər-/  us   /nɪr-/
combines with ​adjectives and ​nouns to ​mean "​almost": We had a near-disaster this ​morning in the ​car! She was near-hysterical by the ​time I ​arrived there.
(Definition of near from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"near" in American English

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nearpreposition

 us   /nɪər/ (also near to,  /ˈnɪər tə, tu/ )
close to; not ​far away from in ​distance, ​time, or ​relationship: We ​live near the ​school. She ​asked to ​sit nearer the ​front of the ​classroom. It will ​probably be near ​midnight by the ​time we get ​home. We couldn’t ​parkanywhere near the ​theater.

nearadjective [-er/-est only]

 us   /nɪər/
not ​far away in ​distance, ​time, or ​relationship: in the near ​future The nearest ​library is in the next ​town.
nearness
noun [U]  us   /ˈnɪər·nəs/
I’m ​surprised by the nearness of her.

nearadverb [-er/-est only]

 us   /nɪər/
not ​far away in ​distance, ​time, or ​relationship: I ​wish we ​lived nearer. I was ​standing near enough to ​hear what they were saying.

nearverb [I/T]

 us   /nɪər/
to come ​closer to something, or to ​approach: [I] As the ​bigday nears, I’m ​starting to get ​nervous. [T] The ​project is nearing ​completion.
(Definition of near from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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