Meaning of “overtake” in the English Dictionary

"overtake" in British English

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overtakeverb

uk /ˌəʊ.vəˈteɪk/ us /ˌoʊ.vɚˈteɪk/ overtook, overtaken

overtake verb (GO PAST)

C1 [ T ] to go past something by being a greater amount or degree:

Our US sales have now overtaken our sales in Europe.
We'd planned to hold a meeting tomorrow, but events have overtaken us (= things have changed).

B2 [ I or T ] UK US pass to come from behind another vehicle or a person and move in front of them:

Always check your rear view mirror before you overtake (another car).

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(Definition of “overtake” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"overtake" in American English

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overtakeverb [ T ]

us /ˌoʊ·vərˈteɪk/ past tense overtook /ˌoʊ·vərˈtʊk/ , past participle overtaken /ˌoʊ·vərˈteɪ·kən/

overtake verb [ T ] (GO PAST)

to go beyond something by being a greater amount or degree, or to come from behind and move in front of:

In the 1500-meter race, he finished with a late rush to overtake Barbosa in 1 minute, 44.84 seconds.
The Bruins got within three points late in the game but just couldn’t overtake the Cowboys.

overtake verb [ T ] (HAPPEN)

(esp. of unpleasant emotions or events) to happen suddenly and unexpectedly:

The family was overtaken by tragedy several years ago.

(Definition of “overtake” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"overtake" in Business English

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overtakeverb [ T ]

uk /ˌəʊvəˈteɪk/ us overtook, overtaken

to grow, develop, or progress more quickly than something else:

Our US sales have now overtaken our sales in Europe.
Plastic soon overtook cash as Britain's most popular method of payment.

(Definition of “overtake” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)