Meaning of “past participle” in the English Dictionary

british dictionary

"past participle" in British English

See all translations

past participlenoun [ C ]

uk /ˌpɑːst pɑː ˈtɪs.ɪ.pəl/ us /ˌpæst ˈpɑːr.tɪ.sɪ.pəl/

the form of a verb, usually made by adding -ed, used in some grammatical structures such as the passive and the present perfect:

The past participle of "cook" is "cooked".

More examples

  • In English, the perfect is formed with 'have' and the past participle of the verb.
  • In Standard American, 'gotten' is used as a past participle of 'get'.
  • The past participle is used to form the passive.
  • Some adjectives are formed from past participles, like for example 'broken' in 'a broken leg'.
  • Some past participles are irregular, such as 'given', 'made' or 'seen'.

(Definition of “past participle” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"past participle" in American English

See all translations

past participlenoun [ C ]

us /ˈpæst ˈpær·təˌsɪp·əl, -sə·pəl/

grammar a form of a verb that is used to show past action or to make perfect tenses and adjectives:

"Sung" is the past participle of the verb "sing."

(Definition of “past participle” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)