penalize Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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Meaning of “penalize” in the English Dictionary

"penalize" in British English

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penalizeverb [T]

(UK usually penalise) uk   us   /ˈpiː.nə.laɪz/

penalize verb [T] (CAUSE DISADVANTAGE)

to ​cause someone a ​disadvantage: The ​presenttaxsystem penalizes ​poorpeople. The ​system should ​ensure that borrowers are not penalized by ​suddenrises in ​mortgagerates.

penalize verb [T] (PUNISH)

to ​punish someone for ​breaking a ​rule: He was penalized early in the ​game for uunsportsmanlike ​conduct.
(Definition of penalize from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"penalize" in American English

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penalizeverb [T]

 us   /ˈpi·nəlˌɑɪz, ˈpen·əl-/
to ​punish someone, esp. for ​breaking the ​law or a ​rule: The new ​law penalizes the ​taxpayers who can least ​afford to ​pay. Boone was penalized for ​unnecessary roughness and ​thrown out of the ​game.
(Definition of penalize from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"penalize" in Business English

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penalizeverb [T]

uk   us   /ˈpiːnəlaɪz/
to ​treat someone or something in a way that gives them a disadvantage: The ​currenttaxsystem penalizes ​people on ​lowincomes. The ​stock was penalized because Wall Street believed the company's financials would come in below ​expectations.
LAW to punish someone for ​failing to obey a ​rule, ​law, etc.: Several ​major cities are ​introducingmeasures that penalize ​bigpolluters.penalize sb for sth The ​legislation penalized China for ​manipulating its ​currency to ​gaintradeadvantages.
(Definition of penalize from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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