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Meaning of “preliminary” in the English Dictionary

"preliminary" in British English

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preliminaryadjective [before noun]

uk   /prɪˈlɪm.ɪ.nər.i/ us   /prɪˈlɪm.ə.ner.i/
C1 coming before a more important action or event, especially introducing or preparing for it: Preliminary results show that the vaccine is effective, but this has to be confirmed by further medical trials. We've decided to change the design based on our preliminary findings.

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preliminarynoun [C usually plural]

uk   /prɪˈlɪm.ɪ.nər.i/ us   /prɪˈlɪm.ə.ner.i/
(Definition of preliminary from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"preliminary" in American English

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preliminaryadjective [not gradable]

us   /prɪˈlɪm·əˌner·i/
coming before a more important action or event, esp. introducing or preparing for it: preliminary talks a preliminary investigation The preliminary rounds of negotiation went well.
preliminary
noun [C usually pl] us   /prɪˈlɪm·əˌner·i/
Her time of 12:32 took four seconds off the mark she set in Friday’s preliminaries.
(Definition of preliminary from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"preliminary" in Business English

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preliminaryadjective

uk   /prɪˈlɪmɪnəri/ us   /prɪˈlɪmɪneri/
coming before or done to prepare for a main or more important action, event, etc: preliminary data/numbers/statistics The preliminary numbers indicate that all classes of creditors have accepted the plan. A final report showed inflation rising 2.4%, up from a preliminary estimate of 2.3%. He emphasized that the commissioner's decision is only preliminary. The National Transportation Safety Board, in a preliminary report, did not say what may have caused the crash. The case was dismissed because prosecutors were not ready for the preliminary hearing.preliminary agreement/approval/decision The commission has given preliminary approval to another 27 projects totaling $3.1 billion.a preliminary inquiry/investigation At present a preliminary investigation is under way. preliminary discussions/meetings/talks

preliminarynoun [C, usually plural]

uk   /prɪˈlɪmɪnəri/ us   /prɪˈlɪmɪneri/ plural preliminaries
an event or action that prepares for or introduces something: After the greetings and other preliminaries, the meeting got down to serious business.
(Definition of preliminary from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “preliminary”
in Spanish preliminar…
in Vietnamese sơ bộ…
in Malaysian awal…
in Thai ขั้นต้น…
in French préliminaire…
in German einleitend…
in Chinese (Simplified) 初步的,起始的, 预备的…
in Turkish başlangıç, ilk, ön…
in Russian предварительный…
in Indonesian pendahuluan…
in Chinese (Traditional) 初步的,起始的, 預備的…
in Polish wstępny…
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“preliminary” in British English

“preliminary” in American English

“preliminary” in Business English

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Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
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