preliminary Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “preliminary” in the English Dictionary

"preliminary" in British English

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preliminaryadjective [before noun]

uk   /prɪˈlɪm.ɪ.nər.i/  us   /-ə.ner-/
C1 coming before a more ​importantaction or ​event, ​especiallyintroducing or ​preparing for it: Preliminary ​results show that the ​vaccine is ​effective, but this has to be ​confirmed by ​furthermedicaltrials. We've ​decided to ​change the ​designbased on ​our preliminary ​findings.

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preliminarynoun [C usually plural]

uk   /prɪˈlɪm.ɪ.nər.i/  us   /-ə.ner-/
(Definition of preliminary from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"preliminary" in American English

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preliminaryadjective [not gradable]

 us   /prɪˈlɪm·əˌner·i/
coming before a more ​importantaction or ​event, esp. ​introducing or ​preparing for it: preliminary ​talks a preliminary ​investigation The preliminary ​rounds of ​negotiation went well.
preliminary
noun [C usually pl]  us   /prɪˈlɪm·əˌner·i/
Her ​time of 12:32 took four ​seconds off the ​mark she set in Friday’s preliminaries.
(Definition of preliminary from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"preliminary" in Business English

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preliminaryadjective

uk   /prɪˈlɪmɪnəri/  us   /prɪˈlɪmɪneri/
coming before or done to prepare for a ​main or more important ​action, ​event, etc: preliminary data/numbers/statistics The preliminary ​numbersindicate that all ​classes of ​creditors have ​accepted the ​plan. A ​finalreport showed ​inflationrising 2.4%, up from a preliminary ​estimate of 2.3%. He emphasized that the commissioner's decision is only preliminary. The National Transportation Safety Board, in a preliminary ​report, did not say what may have caused the ​crash. The ​case was ​dismissed because ​prosecutors were not ​ready for the preliminary ​hearing.preliminary agreement/approval/decision The ​commission has given preliminary ​approval to another 27 ​projectstotaling $3.1 ​billion.a preliminary inquiry/investigation At ​present a preliminary ​investigation is under way. preliminary discussions/​meetings/​talks

preliminarynoun [C, usually plural]

uk   /prɪˈlɪmɪnəri/  us   /prɪˈlɪmɪneri/ (plural preliminaries)
an ​event or ​action that prepares for or ​introduces something: After the greetings and other preliminaries, the ​meeting got down to serious ​business.
(Definition of preliminary from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “preliminary”
in Spanish preliminar…
in Vietnamese sơ bộ…
in Malaysian awal…
in Thai ขั้นต้น…
in French préliminaire…
in German einleitend…
in Chinese (Simplified) 初步的,起始的, 预备的…
in Turkish başlangıç, ilk, ön…
in Russian предварительный…
in Indonesian pendahuluan…
in Chinese (Traditional) 初步的,起始的, 預備的…
in Polish wstępny…
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“preliminary” in British English

“preliminary” in American English

“preliminary” in Business English

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