prior Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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Meaning of “prior” in the English Dictionary

"prior" in British English

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prioradjective [before noun]

uk   /praɪər/  us   /praɪr/

prior adjective [before noun] (EARLIER)

C1 formal existing or ​happening before something ​else, or before a ​particulartime: The ​courserequired no prior ​knowledge of ​Spanish. They had to ​refuse the ​dinnerinvitation because of a prior engagement (= something already ​planned for that ​time).prior to sth C1 before a ​particulartime or ​event: the ​weeks prior to her ​death
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prior adjective [before noun] (MORE IMPORTANT)

formal more ​important: Mothers with ​youngchildren have a prior claim on ​funds.

priornoun [C]

uk   /praɪər/  us   /praɪr/
a man who is in ​charge of a ​priory or who is second in ​charge of an abbey
(Definition of prior from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"prior" in American English

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prioradjective, adverb [not gradable]

 us   /ˈprɑɪ·ər/
coming before in ​time, ​order, or ​importance: She ​denied prior ​knowledge of the ​meeting. Passengers may ​board the ​plane twenty ​minutes prior to (= before)departure.
(Definition of prior from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"prior" in Business English

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prioradjective [before noun]

uk   us   /praɪər/
existing or ​happening before something else: Operating ​earnings were $71 million, compared with a ​loss of $111 million in the prior ​year. Board ​members denied any prior ​knowledge of an ​executivecompensationagreement. prior ​agreement/​approval/​consent Do not ​publish these ​figures without prior ​authorization from the Board. Applicants should have prior ​experience of the ​pharmaceuticalsector.give/receive prior notice (of sth) According to the ​law, the ​finance ministry should have been given prior ​notice, which it did not get.
prior to (doing) sth before something else: It is vital that ​boards, ​management, and ​shareholders fully ​appreciate the ​risks and ​rewards prior to any ​merger. She was ​vicepresident of ​businessoperations for three ​years prior to becoming ​commissioner.
(Definition of prior from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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