pro forma Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo
Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

Meaning of “pro forma” in the English Dictionary

"pro forma" in British English

See all translations

pro formaadjective [before noun], adverb

uk   /ˌprəʊ ˈfɔː.mə/ us   /ˌproʊ ˈfɔːr.mə/ formal

pro formanoun [C]

uk   /ˌprəʊ ˈfɔː.mə/ us   /ˌproʊ ˈfɔːr.mə/ also pro forma invoice specialized
a list of things that have been ordered, sent with their prices to a customer so that the things can be paid for before they are delivered
(Definition of pro forma from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"pro forma" in Business English

See all translations

pro formaadjective [before noun]

uk   /ˌprəʊˈfɔːmə/ us  
ACCOUNTING, FINANCE used to describe financial results which are not final, but give an idea of what is expected before the real results are known: High oil prices are allowing analysts to predict pro forma earnings of around $3 billion. Losses of £100m in the first half were more than double the total for a year earlier on a pro-forma basis.
COMMUNICATIONS created as an example to show how other documents of the same type should be written or prepared: a pro forma document/letter In the ordinary way a pro forma letter would be included for the client 's signature.
pro forma
adverb
They reported net income of 15 cents a share - an increase from the 10 cents the company earned pro forma a year ago.

pro formanoun [C]

uk   /ˌprəʊˈfɔːmə/ us  
COMMUNICATIONS a particular type of letter, document, etc. that is created as an example to show how others of the same type should be written or prepared: Save this document and use it as a pro forma for future documents.
(Definition of pro forma from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “pro forma”
in Chinese (Simplified) 惯常(的),形式上(的)…
in Chinese (Traditional) 慣常(的),形式上(的)…
What is the pronunciation of pro forma?
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website

“pro forma” in British English

“pro forma” in Business English

Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
by ,
May 25, 2016
by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

Read More 

Word of the Day

sunburned

Sunburned skin has become red and sore by being in the strong heat of the sun for too long, or is very suntanned.

Word of the Day

convo noun
convo noun
May 23, 2016
informal a conversation The convo around concussions mostly focuses on guys who play football, but Chastain thinks that this whole thing could be a headache for women too.

Read More