punish Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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Meaning of “punish” in the English Dictionary

"punish" in British English

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punishverb [T]

uk   us   /ˈpʌn.ɪʃ/

punish verb [T] (CRIME)

B1 to ​cause someone who has done something ​wrong or ​committed a ​crime to ​suffer, by ​hurting them, ​forcing them to ​paymoney, ​sending them to ​prison, etc.: Those ​responsible for these crimes must be ​brought to ​court and punished. He punished the ​class by giving them ​extrawork. The ​oilcompany was ​foundguilty on ten ​counts of ​pollution, and was punished with a $250 million ​fine.
See also
to punish anyone who ​commits a ​particularcrime: Drunken ​driving can be punished with a ​prisonsentence.
More examples

punish verb [T] (TREAT BADLY)

to use or ​treat something ​badly, ​violently, or without ​care: He really punishes that ​horse of his.
(Definition of punish from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"punish" in American English

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punishverb [T]

 us   /ˈpʌn·ɪʃ/
to ​causepeople who have done something ​wrong or ​committed a ​crime to ​suffer by making them do something they don’t ​want to do or ​sending them to ​prison: She was punished for being late to ​school.
punishable
adjective  us   /ˈpʌn·ɪ·ʃə·bəl/
Swimming in the Potomac is punishable by a ​fine.
punishment
noun [C/U]  us   /ˈpʌn·ɪʃ·mənt/
[C] Serving ​yourcommunity is ​seen as a punishment these ​days.
(Definition of punish from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “punish”
in Korean 벌주다, 처벌하다…
in Arabic يُعاقِب…
in Malaysian menghukum…
in French punir…
in Russian наказывать…
in Chinese (Traditional) 犯罪, 懲罰, 懲處(犯罪行為)…
in Italian punire…
in Turkish cezalandırmak, ceza vermek…
in Polish karać…
in Spanish castigar…
in Vietnamese trừng phạt, phạt…
in Portuguese punir…
in Thai ลงอาญา, ลงโทษ…
in German bestrafen…
in Catalan castigar…
in Japanese ~を罰する, こらしめる, ~に罰を与える…
in Chinese (Simplified) 犯罪, 惩罚, 惩处(犯罪行为)…
in Indonesian menghukum…
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