relative Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “relative” in the English Dictionary

"relative" in British English

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relativenoun [C]

uk   /ˈrel.ə.tɪv/  us   /-t̬ɪv/
B1 a ​member of ​yourfamily: I don't have many blood relatives (= ​peoplerelated to me by ​birthrather than by ​marriage). All her close/​distant relatives came to the ​wedding.

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relativeadjective

uk   /ˈrel.ə.tɪv/  us   /-t̬ɪv/ formal
  • relative adjective (COMPARING)

C1 being ​judged or ​measured in ​comparison with something ​else: We ​weighed up the relative ​advantages of ​driving there or going by ​train. true to a ​particulardegree when ​compared with other things: Since I got a ​job, I've been ​living in relative ​comfort (= more ​comfort than before).

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  • relative adjective (CONNECTED)

relative to C2 If something is relative to something ​else, it ​changesaccording to the ​speed or ​level of the other thing: The ​amount of ​petrol a ​car uses is relative to ​itsspeed. If something is relative to a ​particularsubject, it is ​connected with it: Are these ​documents relative to the ​discussion?
(Definition of relative from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"relative" in American English

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relativeadjective [not gradable]

 us   /ˈrel·ə·t̬ɪv/
as ​judged or ​measured in ​comparison with something ​else: We ​considered the relative ​merits of ​flying to Washington or taking the ​train. Relative to (= Considering) birthweight, the newborns were doing well.
relatively
adverb [not gradable]  us   /ˈrel·ə·t̬ɪv·li/
The ​stereo was relatively ​inexpensive.

relativenoun [C]

 us   /ˈrel·ə·t̬ɪv/
  • relative noun [C] (FAMILY)

a ​member of ​yourfamily: All her relatives came to the ​wedding.
(Definition of relative from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"relative" in Business English

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relativeadjective

uk   us   /ˈrelətɪv/
having a particular characteristic or ​value compared to other things of a similar ​type: The ​Chancellor of the Exchequer ​talked about the UK's relativegrowth performance compared with "​core" ​Europe. relative ​importance/​strength/​sizerelative cost/price International borrowers have seen the relative ​cost of their ​loansrise slightly in the past six months.a relative newcomer/unknown The ​firm is a relative newcomer to the ​world of ​futurestrading.
relative to sth compared to something else: Official ​figures probably ​understate Europe's ​growth relative to America. Pay in many ​white-collarjobs has been ​stagnating relative to ​inflation.relative to earnings/income/sales Motoring ​costs are ​forecast to ​increaseeven further over the next ten ​years relative to ​income.relative to sb's competitors/peers Steps taken now to ​addressclimatechange can ​improve a company's ​competitiveposition relative to its ​peers.
(Definition of relative from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “relative”
in Arabic قَريب…
in Korean 친척…
in Portuguese parente…
in Catalan parent, -a…
in Japanese 親戚, 身内…
in Chinese (Simplified) 亲戚, 亲属…
in Turkish akraba…
in Russian родственник…
in Chinese (Traditional) 親戚, 親屬…
in Italian parente…
in Polish krewn-y/a…
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“relative” in Business English

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