relative Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo
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Meaning of “relative” in the English Dictionary

"relative" in British English

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relativenoun [C]

uk   /ˈrel.ə.tɪv/ us   /ˈrel.ə.t̬ɪv/
B1 a member of your family: I don't have many blood relatives (= people related to me by birth rather than by marriage). All her close/distant relatives came to the wedding.

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relativeadjective

uk   /ˈrel.ə.tɪv/ us   /ˈrel.ə.t̬ɪv/ formal
  • relative adjective (COMPARING)

C1 being judged or measured in comparison with something else: We weighed up the relative advantages of driving there or going by train.
true to a particular degree when compared with other things: Since I got a job, I've been living in relative comfort (= more comfort than before).

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  • relative adjective (CONNECTED)

relative to
C2 If something is relative to something else, it changes according to the speed or level of the other thing: The amount of petrol a car uses is relative to its speed.
If something is relative to a particular subject, it is connected with it: Are these documents relative to the discussion?
(Definition of relative from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"relative" in American English

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relativeadjective [not gradable]

us   /ˈrel·ə·t̬ɪv/
as judged or measured in comparison with something else: We considered the relative merits of flying to Washington or taking the train. Relative to (= Considering) birthweight, the newborns were doing well.
relatively
adverb [not gradable] us   /ˈrel·ə·t̬ɪv·li/
The stereo was relatively inexpensive.

relativenoun [C]

us   /ˈrel·ə·t̬ɪv/
  • relative noun [C] (FAMILY)

a member of your family: All her relatives came to the wedding.
(Definition of relative from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"relative" in Business English

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relativeadjective

uk   /ˈrelətɪv/ us  
having a particular characteristic or value compared to other things of a similar type: The Chancellor of the Exchequer talked about the UK's relative growth performance compared with "core" Europe. relative importance/strength/sizerelative cost/price International borrowers have seen the relative cost of their loans rise slightly in the past six months.a relative newcomer/unknown The firm is a relative newcomer to the world of futures trading.
relative to sth
compared to something else: Official figures probably understate Europe's growth relative to America. Pay in many white-collar jobs has been stagnating relative to inflation.relative to earnings/income/sales Motoring costs are forecast to increase even further over the next ten years relative to income.relative to sb's competitors/peers Steps taken now to address climate change can improve a company's competitive position relative to its peers.
(Definition of relative from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “relative”
in Arabic قَريب…
in Korean 친척…
in Portuguese parente…
in Catalan parent, -a…
in Japanese 親戚, 身内…
in Chinese (Simplified) 亲戚, 亲属…
in Turkish akraba…
in Russian родственник…
in Chinese (Traditional) 親戚, 親屬…
in Italian parente…
in Polish krewn-y/a…
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“relative” in Business English

Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
by ,
May 25, 2016
by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

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