rough Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

Meaning of “rough” in the English Dictionary

"rough" in British English

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uk   us   /rʌf/

rough adjective (NOT EVEN)

B1 not ​even or ​smooth, often because of being in ​badcondition: It was a rough ​mountainroad, ​full of ​stones and ​hugeholes.B1 If a ​surface such as ​paper or ​skin is rough, it does not ​feelsmooth when you ​touch it: My ​hands get very rough in the ​cold. Rough ​ground is ​ground that is not used for any ​particularpurpose, is not ​even, and is ​full of ​wildplants.
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rough adjective (NOT EXACT)

B1 [before noun] not ​exact or ​detailed: The ​builder did a rough ​sketch of how the new ​stairs would ​look. This is only a rough ​guess. She made a rough estimate/​calculation of the ​likelycost. The ​tests are a rough guide to ​students' ​progress.
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rough adjective (POOR QUALITY)

used to ​describe an ​alcoholicdrink, ​especiallywine, that ​tastescheap and often ​strong not made in a ​careful or ​expensive way: I made a rough ​table out of some ​oldboxes.

rough adjective (SOUND)

A rough ​voice or ​sound is hard and ​loud. If a ​machinesounds rough, it is making a ​noise because it is in ​badcondition.

rough adjective (VIOLENT)

B2 dangerous or ​violent: a rough ​area of ​town The other ​boys were rough, always ​looking for a ​fight.

rough adjective (STORMY)

B2 (of the ​weather or the ​sea) having ​strongwinds or ​bigwaves: I'm always ​seasick if the ​water/​wind/​sea/​weather is rough.

rough adjective (DIFFICULT)

B2 difficult or ​unpleasant: He's had a rough ​time/​month/​year, what with the ​divorce and then his ​fatherdying. It must be rough to have two ​kids and ​nowhere to ​live.

rough adjective (ILL)

[after verb] UK ill: You ​look a ​bit rough - how much did you have to ​drink last ​night?
noun [U] uk   us   /ˈrʌf.nəs/


uk   us   /rʌf/
rough it informal to ​livetemporarily in ​basic and ​uncomfortableconditions: While the ​house was being ​decorated we roughed it in a ​tent.


uk   us   /rʌf/

rough noun (DRAWING)

[C] a first ​quickdrawing of somethingin rough simple and without ​details: His first ​plans were ​drawn up in rough.

rough noun (VIOLENT PERSON)

[C] a ​violentperson: a ​gang of ​drunkenyoung roughs

rough noun (IN GOLF)

the rough in golf, an ​area of ​ground with ​longgrass: My ​balllanded in the rough.


uk   us   /rʌf/

rough adverb (VIOLENTLY)

forcefully or ​violently: The ​localteam had a ​badreputation for ​playing rough.

rough adverb (OUTSIDE)

live/sleep rough to ​liveoutside not in a ​house, and ​sleep on the ​ground: When we ​ran out of ​money, we ​slept rough for a ​week.
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"rough" in American English

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roughadjective [-er/-est only]

 us   /rʌf/

rough adjective [-er/-est only] (UNEVEN)

(of a ​surface) not ​even or ​smooth: It was a rough ​road, ​full of ​potholes. Her ​laugh was rough and ​loud.

rough adjective [-er/-est only] (VIOLENT)

violent or ​stormy: The ​sea was too rough for ​sailing. They ​live in a rough ​neighborhood.

rough adjective [-er/-est only] (DIFFICULT)

difficult or ​unpleasant: She’s had a rough ​year – she ​lost her ​job, then her ​fatherdied.

rough adjective [-er/-est only] (NOT EXACT)

not ​exact or ​detailed; ​approximate: I ​quickly made a rough ​table from some ​boards. Can you give us a rough ​estimate of the ​cost?
adverb [not gradable]  us   /rʌf/
The ​team had a ​reputation for ​playing rough.
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"rough" in Business English

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uk   us   /rʌf/
fairly ​correct but not ​exact or detailed: The $51 million is a rough ​estimate. These are very rough ​figures which will ​help us to ​plan for the future.
not completely ​finished: He gave me a rough ​draft of the ​presentation.
difficult or unpleasant: Small ​stores are having a very rough ​time . Subprime ​lending on ​privatemarkets is in for a rough ​ride.


uk   us   /rʌf/
[C] a first quick ​drawing of something: He ​sent me over the roughs.
in rough simple and without details: The ​plans were ​drawn up in rough .
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“rough” in Business English

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