ruffle Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
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Meaning of “ruffle” in the English Dictionary

"ruffle" in British English

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ruffleverb

uk   us   /ˈrʌf.l̩/
[T] to ​touch or ​move something ​smooth so that it is not ​even: She ​affectionately ruffled his hair with her ​hand as she ​passed. The ​birds ruffled ​their feathers (up) in ​alarm. [T often passive] to ​annoy or ​upset someone, or to make someone very ​nervous: He's ​easily ruffled by ​criticism.

rufflenoun [C]

uk   us   /ˈrʌf.l̩/
a ​series of ​smallfolds made in a ​piece of ​cloth or ​sewn onto it, as ​decoration
(Definition of ruffle from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"ruffle" in American English

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ruffleverb

 us   /ˈrʌf·əl/

ruffle verb (MAKE UPSET)

[I/T] to make someone ​upset or ​nervous or ​reduce someone’s ​confidence: [T] It ruffled her ​composure, and she did not ​know how to ​respond.

ruffle verb (MAKE UNEVEN)

[T] to make something that is ​smoothuneven: A ​sudden, ​strongbreeze ruffled the women’s ​skirts in the ​stands.

rufflenoun [C]

 us   /ˈrʌf·əl/

ruffle noun [C] (FOLD)

a ​series of ​smallfolds made in a ​piece of ​cloth or ​sewn into it as ​decoration: lace ruffles
(Definition of ruffle from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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