Meaning of “self” in the English Dictionary

"self" in English

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uk /self/ us /self/

self noun (PERSONALITY)

C1 [ C or U ] plural selves the set of someone's characteristics, such as personality and ability, that are not physical and make that person different from other people:

The hero of the movie finally finds his true self (= discovers what his true personality and feelings are).
When I saw them this afternoon they were more like their old/normal selves (= as they were in the past).
a sense of self

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uk /self-/ us /self-/

of or by yourself or itself:

a self-winding watch

(Definition of “self” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"self" in American English

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selfnoun [ C/U ]

us /self/ plural selves /selvz/

who a person is, including the qualities such as personality and ability that make one person different from another:

[ C ] Now I’m feeling better, and I’m back to my old self again.
[ U ] I still assert the validity of self over social convention.

(Definition of “self” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"self-" in Business English

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uk us

used to form words that describe something or someone as doing something themselves:

a self-winding watch
a self-catering holiday
self-build homes

selfnoun [ U ]

uk /self/ us plural selves /selvz/ formal BANKING, INSURANCE

written on cheques, official documents, business letters, etc. to refer to yourself:

a cheque written to self
Most health plans have a three-tier system of coverage: self only, self and one other person, or self and family.

(Definition of “self-” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)