sham Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

Meaning of “sham” in the English Dictionary

"sham" in British English

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shamnoun [C usually singular]

uk   us   /ʃæm/ disapproving
something that is not what it ​seems to be and is ​intended to ​deceivepeople, or someone who ​pretends to be something they are not: It ​turned out that he wasn't a ​realdoctor at all - he was just a sham. They ​claimed that the ​election had been ​fair, but really it was a sham.

shamverb [I or T]

uk   us   /ʃæm/ (-mm-) disapproving
to ​pretend: He isn't really ​upset - he's just shamming.


uk   us   /ʃæm/ disapproving
only ​pretending to be ​real; ​false: They made a ​fortune through some sham ​propertydeal. That ​jewellerylooks sham to me. She's ​trapped in a sham (= not good or ​satisfying)marriage.
(Definition of sham from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"sham" in American English

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shamnoun [C usually sing]

 us   /ʃæm/
someone or something that is ​falselyrepresented, esp. as being ​important or ​powerful: I ​thought the ​meeting was a ​total sham and a ​waste of ​time.

shamadjective [not gradable]

 us   /ʃæm/
pretended; not ​real: a sham ​battle
(Definition of sham from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Translations of “sham”
in Spanish farsa, simulacro…
in Vietnamese sự giả bộ…
in Malaysian kepura-puraan…
in Thai การปลอมแปลง…
in French imposture, imitation…
in German die Täuschung…
in Chinese (Simplified) 假象, 骗局, 假冒者…
in Turkish düzmece, sahte…
in Russian обман, притворство…
in Indonesian kepura-puraan…
in Chinese (Traditional) 假像, 騙局, 假冒者…
in Polish fikcja, oszustwo…
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