Meaning of “sham” in the English Dictionary

"sham" in English

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shamnoun [ C usually singular ]

uk /ʃæm/ us /ʃæm/ disapproving

something that is not what it seems to be and is intended to deceive people, or someone who pretends to be something they are not:

It turned out that he wasn't a real doctor at all - he was just a sham.
They claimed that the election had been fair, but really it was a sham.

shamverb [ I or T ]

uk /ʃæm/ us /ʃæm/ -mm- disapproving


uk /ʃæm/ us /ʃæm/ disapproving

only pretending to be real; false:

They made a fortune through some sham property deal.
That jewellery looks sham to me.
She's trapped in a sham (= not good or satisfying) marriage.

(Definition of “sham” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"sham" in American English

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someone or something that is falsely represented, esp. as being important or powerful:

I thought the meeting was a total sham and a waste of time.

shamadjective [ not gradable ]

us /ʃæm/

pretended; not real:

a sham battle

(Definition of “sham” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)