Meaning of “shrink” in the English Dictionary

"shrink" in English

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uk /ʃrɪŋk/ us /ʃrɪŋk/ shrank, shrunk

shrink verb (BECOME SMALLER)

B2 [ I or T ] to become smaller, or to make something smaller:

Your sweater will shrink if you wash it at too high a temperature.
The company's profits have shrunk from $5.5 million to $1.25 million.
The productivity improvements have shrunk our costs by 25 percent.
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shrink verb (BE FRIGHTENED)

[ I usually + adv/prep ] literary to move away from someone or something because you are frightened:

The child shrank behind the sofa as his father shouted at him.
When she was younger she would shrink (away) from me whenever I spoke to her.
noun [ U ] uk /ˈʃrɪŋ.kɪdʒ/ us /ˈʃrɪŋ.kɪdʒ/

Synthetic fabrics are less susceptible to shrinkage than natural ones.

Phrasal verb(s)

shrinknoun [ C ]

uk /ʃrɪŋk/ us /ʃrɪŋk/ informal

(Definition of “shrink” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"shrink" in American English

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us /ʃrɪŋk/ past tense shrank /ʃræŋk/ shrunk /ʃrʌŋk/ , past participle shrunk /ʃrʌŋk/ shrunken /ˈʃrʌŋ·kən/

shrink verb (BECOME SMALLER)

[ I/T ] to become smaller or cause something to become smaller:

[ I ] The show’s audience has shrunk in the last few months.
[ T ] I shrank my sweater by putting it in the dryer!

shrink verb (MOVE AWAY)

[ I always + adv/prep ] to move away from something unpleasant or frightening:

My first reaction was to shrink in disgust at the sight of it.

[ I always + adv/prep ] If you shrink from something, you avoid it:

Kate’s a good worker, but she seems to shrink from responsibility.

shrinknoun [ C ]

us /ʃrɪŋk/ slang

shrink noun [ C ] (DOCTOR)

(Definition of “shrink” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"shrink" in Business English

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uk /ʃrɪŋk/ us shrank, shrunk

[ I ] to become smaller:

Investors fear that profit margins will shrink during the coming quarter.
shrink by sth The economy shrunk by .04% in real terms.
shrink to sth Our share of the US market has shrunk to 27%.

[ T ] to make something smaller:

We hope the measures will save money and shrink the company's carbon footprint.

(Definition of “shrink” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)