Meaning of “sit” in the English Dictionary

"sit" in British English

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sitverb

uk /sɪt/ us /sɪt/ present participle sitting, past tense and past participle sat

sit verb (BE SEATED)

A1 [ I or T, usually + adv/prep ] to (cause someone to) be in a position in which the lower part of the body is resting on a seat or other type of support, with the upper part of the body vertical:

to sit at a table/desk
to sit in an armchair
to sit on a chair/a horse/the ground
He came and sat (down) next to me.
informal Sit yourself down and have a nice cool drink.
The child's father sat her (down) on a chair.

[ I usually + adv/prep ] to be a model for a painter, photographer, etc.:

Monet's wife sat for him many times.

[ I ] (of an animal such as a dog) to move into a position with its back legs bent and its tail end on the ground:

We're trying to train our dog to sit.

[ I usually + adv/prep ] If a bird sits on its eggs, it covers them with its body to keep them warm before they hatch.

More examples

sit verb (BE A MEMBER)

[ I ] to be a member of an official group:

I'm going to be sitting on the committee for one more year.
US All of the federal judges currently sitting (= in office) in Maryland hail from Baltimore.

sit verb (EXAM)

B2 [ T ] UK to take an exam:

After I've sat my exams, I'm going on holiday.
Australian English I sat for my exams today.

sit verb (TAKE CARE OF)

[ I usually + adv/prep ] to babysit:

I'm sitting my sister's kids this Saturday.

(Definition of “sit” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"sit" in American English

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sitverb

us /sɪt/

sit verb (REST)

[ I/T ] present participle sitting, past tense and past participle sat /sæt/ to be in a position with your buttocks on a surface that supports your body, or to cause someone to be in this position:

[ I ] Andrea was sitting on the couch, watching TV.
[ T ] Dad sat her on a chair and told her not to move.
Sit still (= sit without moving) while I comb your hair!

sit verb (BE IN A POSITION)

[ I ] present participle sitting, past tense and past participle sat /sæt/ to be or stay in a position or place:

That book is still sitting on my shelf unread.
The college sits on top of a hill.

sit verb (MEET)

[ I ] present participle sitting, past tense and past participle sat /sæt/ (of a legislature or court) to have an official meeting or series of meetings:

The Supreme Court sits from October to June.

sit verb (TAKE CARE)

[ I/T ] short form ofbaby-sit

(Definition of “sit” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)