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Meaning of “some” in the English Dictionary

"some" in British English

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somedeterminer

  • some determiner (UNKNOWN AMOUNT)

A1 uk   strong /sʌm/ uk     weak /səm/  us   /sʌm/  /səm/ an amount or number of something that is not stated or not known; a part of something: There's some cake in the kitchen if you'd like it. Here's some news you might be interested in. We've been having some problems with our TV over the last few weeks. Could you give me some idea of when the construction work will finish? I've got to do some more work before I can go out.

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  • some determiner (LARGE AMOUNT)

B2 uk   /sʌm/  us   /sʌm/ a large amount or number of something: It'll be some time before we meet again. It was some years later when they next met. We discussed the problem at some length.

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  • some determiner (PARTICULAR THING)

C1 uk   /sʌm/  us   /sʌm/ used to refer to a particular person or thing without stating exactly which one: Some lucky person will win more than $1,000,000 in the competition. Some idiot's locked the door! There must be some way you can relieve the pain.

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  • some determiner (ANGER)

uk   /sʌm/  us   /sʌm/ informal used before a noun, especially at the beginning of a sentence to show anger or disapproval, often by repeating a word that was not accurately used: Some people just don't know when to shut up. Some help you were! You sat on your backside most of the afternoon! "A friend of mine sold me a radio that doesn't work." "Some friend!"

somepronoun

A1 uk   strong /sʌm/ uk     weak /səm/  us   /sʌm/  /səm/ an amount or number of something that is not stated or not known; a part of something: If you need more paper then just take some. "Would you like to have dinner with us?" "No thanks, I've already had some." Some of you here have already met Imran. Have some of this champagne - it's very good.
some people: Some have compared his work to Picasso's.

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  • We've got a lot of apples if you'd like some.
  • There's a cake here - would you like some?
  • I had some of Jean's bread and it was good.
  • There's plenty of coffee here if you'd like some.
  • Some of you will know Ron already.

someadverb

uk     strong /sʌm/ weak /səm/  us     /sʌm/  /səm/
(Definition of some from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"some" in American English

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someadjective [not gradable]

 us   /sʌm, səm/
having an amount or number that is not known or not stated, or being a part of something: Let’s get some work done. Some stories he wrote were made into movies.
used to refer to a person or thing when you cannot say exactly who or what it is: Some jerk backed into my car in the parking lot. There’s got to be some way out of here.

someadverb [not gradable]

 us   /sʌm, səm/
(used in front of a number) approximately; about: Some 200 people applied for the job.

somepronoun

 us   /sʌm, səm/
  • some pronoun (UNKNOWN AMOUNT)

an amount or number that is not known or stated: If you want more spaghetti, please take some. I like some of the people in my class.
Some can also mean some people: Some have compared him to President Kennedy.
Note: In negative sentences, you use "any" or "no" instead of "some." In questions, you usually use "any" instead of "some."

someadjective [not gradable]

 us   /sʌm/
being a large amount or number of something: She was married to him for some years. These things have been going on for some time.
infml used before a noun and spoken with emphasis to show that something is unusual: Some party that turned out to be – nobody showed up. Margo is really a terrific cook – that was some dinner!

someadverb [not gradable]

 us   /sʌm/ infml
a little; in or by a small degree: I slept some in the car on the way home.
(Definition of some from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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