Meaning of “sterilize” in the English Dictionary

"sterilize" in American English

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sterilizeverb [ T ]

us /ˈster·əˌlɑɪz/

sterilize verb [ T ] (CLEAN)

to make something completely clean and free from bacteria:

Dental instruments are routinely sterilized.

sterilize verb [ T ] (MAKE UNABLE TO PRODUCE YOUNG)

to perform a medical operation on a person or animal in order to make them unable to produce young:

The clinic will sterilize your cat for free.

(Definition of “sterilize” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)