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Meaning of “sub” in the English Dictionary

"sub" in British English

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subnoun [C]

uk   /sʌb/ us   /sʌb/ informal
  • sub noun [C] (SANDWICH)

US a long, thin loaf of bread filled with meat or cheese, and often lettuce, tomatoes, etc: a meatball sub

subverb

uk   /sʌb/ us   /sʌb/ -bb- informal
[I] in sports, to play in a match in someone's place: Travis subbed for the injured defender.
[I] US to do a job temporarily when someone else cannot do it: As a young player, he subbed for Duke Ellington's drummer. I subbed as a teacher for a semester.
[T] UK to replace one player with another during a game: He was subbed in the match against Newcastle.

sub-prefix

uk   /sʌb-/ us   /sʌb-/
  • sub- prefix (LESS THAN)

less than a number or level: Winter weather brought sub-zero (= less than 0 degrees) temperatures to much of the country. smart TVs in the sub-$1000 price range the first man to run a sub-4 minute mile
  • sub- prefix (LOWER)

below or in a lower position: the subarctic a sub-layer
  • sub- prefix (LESS GOOD)

not as good as: subhuman a sub-standard effort The film is a sort of sub-Godfather mafia family tale.
(Definition of sub from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"sub" in American English

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subnoun [C]

us   /sʌb/
  • sub noun [C] (REPLACEMENT)

short form ofsubstitute teacher
  • sub noun [C] (SHIP)

short form ofsubmarine: a nuclear sub
  • sub noun [C] (FOOD)

short form ofsubmarine (sandwich)

subverb [I]

us   /sʌb/ -bb-
to work as a substitute teacher: She subs at three schools.
(Definition of sub from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"sub" in Business English

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subnoun [C]

uk   /sʌb/ us   informal
→  subscription : You can save up to £20 if you pay your subs by direct debit.
→  substitute noun : There is a great need both for permanent teachers and subs.
payment that your employer gives you earlier than usual because you need money: I ran out of money on Thursday and had to ask my boss for a sub.

subverb [T]

uk   /sʌb/ us   -bb-
to pay an employee earlier than usual because they need money: He subbed him his wages because he had to buy a plane ticket.
(Definition of sub from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“sub” in American English

“sub” in Business English

Watching the detectorists
Watching the detectorists
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May 31, 2016
by Colin McIntosh You could be forgiven for thinking that old-fashioned hobbies that don’t involve computers have fallen out of favour. In fact, nothing could be further from the truth. If anything, the internet has made it easier for people with specialist hobbies from different corners of the world to come together to support one another

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