surplus Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “surplus” in the English Dictionary

"surplus" in British English

See all translations

surplusnoun [C or U], adjective

uk   /ˈsɜː.pləs/  us   /ˈsɝː-/
C2 (an ​amount that is) more than is ​needed: The ​world is now ​producinglargefood surpluses. We are ​unlikely to ​produce any surplus this ​year. The ​government has ​authorized the ​army to ​sellits surplus ​weapons.UK The ​store is ​selling off ​stock that is surplus to ​requirements (= more than they need to have). the ​amount of ​money you have ​left when you ​sell more than you ​buy, or ​spend less than you own: a ​budget/​trade surplus Fortunately the company's ​bankaccount is ​currently in surplus.

expend iconexpend iconMore examples

(Definition of surplus from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"surplus" in American English

See all translations

surplusnoun [C]

 us   /ˈsɜrˌplʌs, -pləs/
an ​amount that is more than is ​needed: The ​world is now ​producinglargefood surpluses. The ​government is forecasting a ​budget surplus this ​year (= all the ​moneyavailable to be ​spent will not be ​spent). A surplus is also the ​amount of ​money you have ​left when you ​sell more than you ​buy: a ​trade surplus
surplus
adjective [not gradable]  us   /ˈsɜr·plʌs, -pləs/
Farmers are ​feedingtheir surplus ​wheat to ​pigs.
(Definition of surplus from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"surplus" in Business English

See all translations

surplusnoun [C or U]

uk   us   /ˈsɜːpləs/
an ​amount that is more than is needed: a surplus of sth The ​plant had a surplus of ​components.
ACCOUNTING, ECONOMICS the ​amount of ​money that you have ​left when you ​sell more than you ​buy, or ​spend less than you receive: The ​savings will ​create a surplus of a little more than $24 million. The ​overallgap continues to reflect a ​deficit in the ​trade of ​goods and a surplus in ​services.
Compare
in surplus used to describe a ​situation when a ​business or country has ​spent less ​money than it has received: This ​year the ​budget will be in surplus.

surplusadjective

uk   us   /ˈsɜːpləs/
more than is needed or used: As the ​economyslowed, ​companies that had ​invested surplus ​funds in the ​stockmarketfound their ​returnsdwindling. The ​form of the ​payout of surplus ​cash to ​investors will be revealed in May.
(Definition of surplus from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of surplus?
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website

“surplus” in American English

“surplus” in Business English

Word of the Day

hipster

someone who is very influenced by the most recent ideas and fashions

Word of the Day

Chest pains and palpitations: talking about illness (2)
Chest pains and palpitations: talking about illness (2)
by Liz Walter,
February 03, 2016
My previous post (My leg hurts: Talking about illness (1)) presented some general vocabulary to use at the doctor’s. This one looks at some more specific areas of illness and explains some useful words and phrases that you may need to use or understand on a visit to the doctor’s. There are several

Read More 

awesomesauce noun
awesomesauce noun
February 01, 2016
slang the state of being extremely good or enjoyable or something or someone that is extremely good or enjoyable Recovering from the awesomesauce of another fab #Vidcon!!

Read More