Meaning of “surround” in the English Dictionary

"surround" in British English

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surroundverb [ T ]

uk /səˈraʊnd/ us /səˈraʊnd/

B1 to be everywhere around something:

Snow-capped mountains surround the city.
Gwen sat at her desk, surrounded by books and papers.
Mystery still surrounds the exact circumstances of Stalin's death.
She said that she wanted to die surrounded by the people she loves (= with them all present).
Early this morning, armed police surrounded (= moved into a position so that they were everywhere around) a house which they thought contained an escaped prisoner.

More examples

surrounding
adjective [ before noun ] uk /səˈraʊn.dɪŋ/ us /səˈraʊn.dɪŋ/

B2

A lot of the children at the school do not live in the town, but come in from the surrounding countryside.

surroundnoun

uk /səˈraʊnd/ us /səˈraʊnd/

(Definition of “surround” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"surround" in American English

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surroundverb [ T ]

us /səˈrɑʊnd/

to be around something on all sides:

Snow-capped mountains surround the city.
The house was surrounded by dense woods.

To surround something also means to have to do with it or to result from it:

I’m interested in the circumstances surrounding the accident.
The controversy that surrounded the police action led to a number of investigations.
surrounding
adjective [ not gradable ] us /səˈrɑʊn·dɪŋ/

Hundreds of people fled from the city and are now living in the surrounding countryside.

(Definition of “surround” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)