Meaning of “through” in the English Dictionary

"through" in English

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throughpreposition, adverb

uk /θruː/ us /θruː/

through preposition, adverb (PLACE)

A2 also US not standard thru from one end or side of something to the other:

They walked slowly through the woods.
The boy waded through the water to reach his boat.
He struggled through the crowd till he reached the front.
How long the journey takes will depend on how long it takes to get through the traffic.
Her words kept running through my mind/head (= I kept hearing her words in my imagination).
We drove through the tunnel.
I saw him drive through a red light (= he did not stop at the red traffic light).
I'll put you through (= connect you by phone) (to the sales department).

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through preposition, adverb (TIME)

B1 from the beginning to the end of a period of time:

It rained all/right through June and into the first half of July.
We sat through two of the speeches and then left.
She had just enough energy to get through the day.
US She works Monday through Thursday (= from Monday to Thursday).

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uk /θruː/ us /θruː/

through preposition (RESULT)

B1 as a result of:

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uk /θruː/ us /θruː/

through adjective (SUCCESSFUL)

be through (to sth)

to achieve success in an exam, competition, etc. and progress to the next stage or a higher level:

She's through to the next round of interviews.
UK "Has she heard about her entrance exams yet?" "Yes, she's through."

(Definition of “through” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"through" in American English

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throughadjective, adverb [ not gradable ]

us /θru/

through adjective, adverb [ not gradable ] (ACROSS)

from one side or end to the other, from one part to another, or from the beginning to the end:

We drove through the tunnel
We took a shortcut through the woods.
Have you read the report all the way through?

If you drive through a red light or stop sign, you do not stop at it.

through adjective, adverb [ not gradable ] (FINISHED)

finished or completed:

Are you through with that book?
My girlfriend says we’re through (= our relationship is over).

through adjective, adverb [ not gradable ] (DURING)

during a period of time, esp. from the beginning to the end:

We sat through two lectures and then left.
She had just enough energy to get through the day.
I work Tuesdays through Saturdays (= each day during this period).


us /θru/

through preposition (AS A RESULT)

as a result of:

Bob learned of the contract through a story in the newspaper.

through preposition (USING)

by; using:

Schools are financed through property taxes.

(Definition of “through” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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The amendments came in late through the back door and without there having been any great debate among the citizens over these major changes.
What is intended through these measures?
I say 'astonishing' because the vast number of applicants in my constituency have passed through several safe countries prior to their arrival there.
We know that increasing numbers of people are seeking better opportunities or protection through migration, in order to escape war, persecution, poverty, unemployment or violations of their human rights.
The public will be informed about the dangers of chemicals through pictograms which shall indicate the risks concerning explosions, fire, cancer and poison.
Although experts have been in agreement on this for quite some time, the message has only recently got through to the political sphere, after considerable time and effort.
We are stepping up our willingness to examine how we can contribute to the future work of the international criminal court through cooperation, aid and support in all areas.
We propose to complement those provisions by defining the rights and obligations for officials to report suspected wrong-doing through internal channels but not exclusively within the same hierarchical line.
We must strengthen the social and territorial cohesion of our regions through dialogue, goodwill and transparency in the use of financial mechanisms.
In addition, access to emergency services through 112 may be blocked in case of repeated misuse by the user and 112 will be more accessible to people with disabilities.