Meaning of “tough” in the English Dictionary

"tough" in English

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toughadjective

uk /tʌf/ us /tʌf/

tough adjective (STRONG)

B2 strong; not easily broken or made weaker or defeated:

These toys are made from tough plastic.
Children's shoes need to be tough.
You have to be tough to be successful in politics.
informal Their lawyer is a real tough customer/nut (= person).

C2 strong and determined:

Tough new safety standards have been introduced for cars.
There have been calls for tougher controls/restrictions on what online retailers are allowed to sell.
After some tough bargaining, we finally agreed on a deal.
I think it's time the police got tougher on/with (= treated more severely) people who drink and drive.
The government is continuing to take a tough line on terrorism.

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tough adjective (DIFFICULT)

B2 difficult to do or to deal with:

They've had an exceptionally tough life.
They will be a tough team to beat.
The company is going through a tough time at the moment.
We've had to make some very tough decisions.
My boss has given me a tough job/assignment.
Many homeless people are facing a tough winter.

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tough adjective (UNLUCKY)

C2 informal unlucky:

"I have to work late today because I'm very behind on my work." "Oh, tough luck!"
It's tough on Geoff that he's going to miss the party.

informal sometimes used to show that you have no sympathy for someone's problems or difficulties:

"I don't have any money left." "Well, (that's just) tough - you shouldn't have spent it all on cigarettes."
toughly
adverb uk /ˈtʌf.li/ us /ˈtʌf.li/

These boots are very toughly (= strongly) made.
We live in a toughly competitive world.
toughness
uk /ˈtʌf.nəs/ us /ˈtʌf.nəs/

C2

She has a reputation for toughness (= being strong and determined).
They can't face the toughness of the competition.

toughnoun [ C ]

uk /tʌf/ us /tʌf/ also toughie old-fashioned informal

(Definition of “tough” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"tough" in American English

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toughadjective [ -er/-est only ]

us /tʌf/

tough adjective [ -er/-est only ] (STRONG)

not easily broken, weakened, or defeated; strong:

These toys are made of tough plastic.
You have to be tough to be successful in politics.
The police are getting tougher on illegal parking.

Results or actions that are tough are severe and determined:

Tough new safety standards for cars are being introduced this week.

tough adjective [ -er/-est only ] (DIFFICULT)

difficult to do or deal with:

They will be a tough team to beat.
We’ve had to make some very tough decisions.
It’s going to be a tough winter.

Food that is tough is difficult to cut or eat:

a tough steak

tough adjective [ -er/-est only ] (VIOLENT)

likely to be violent or to contain violence:

a tough guy
a tough neighborhood

(Definition of “tough” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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tough

I would also suggest further study of the impact of the measures where appropriate, but with a view to ensuring full, tough and timely international implementation.
In tough economic times, all public services are under pressure, but cutting back on enforcement of consumer rights can only be false economy.
Such a decision requires an environment of tolerance, dialogue, respect for religious freedoms and a tough stance in words and deeds against the impunity of war criminals.
The proportion of implemented payments in this area has declined during the first months of the year in spite of the tough criticism in previous years.
I also want to see us being prepared to take the tough political decisions that are required to modernise our external service.
Sometimes tough measures are introduced but there is little resolve in implementing them or there are deliberate efforts to undermine them.
He has to get tough.
We also believe that those countries which, for various reasons, have exposed their agriculture to a tough market in recent years should not be treated unfairly.
Tough love does work.
There is still a long and tough struggle to be undertaken to ensure that human rights are both accepted and observed in every country of the world.

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