trial Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “trial” in the English Dictionary

"trial" in British English

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trialnoun

uk   us   /traɪəl/
  • trial noun (LEGAL PROCESS)

B2 [C or U] the ​hearing of ​statements and ​showing of ​objects, etc. in a ​lawcourt to ​judge if a ​person is ​guilty of a ​crime or to ​decide a ​case or a ​legalmatter: trial ​proceedings Trial by ​jury is a ​fundamentalright. It was a very ​complicated trial that went on for ​months. She's going on/​standing trial forfraud.
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  • trial noun (TEST)

C1 [C or U] a ​test, usually over a ​limitedperiod of ​time, to ​discover how ​effective or ​suitable something or someone is: They're doing clinical trials on a new ​drug. They've ​employed her for a six-month trial (​period). You can have the ​equipment on a trial basis (UK also on trial), and if you don't like it you can give it back.

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  • trial noun (EXAM)

[C] Australian English an ​exam taken at ​school for ​practice before a ​realexam: Trials take ​place in ​July.
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trialverb [T]

uk   us   /traɪəl/ (-ll- or -l-)
(Definition of trial from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"trial" in American English

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trialnoun

 us   /ˈtrɑɪˌəl, trɑɪl/
  • trial noun (LEGAL PROCESS)

[C/U] the ​examination in a ​court of ​law of the ​facts of a ​case to ​decide whether a ​person is ​guilty of a ​crime or ​responsible for an ​injury to another ​person: [C] a ​criminal/​civil trial [U] The ​case will ​soon go to trial (= ​begin). [U] She must still ​stand trial (= be ​judged in a ​court of ​law).on trial If someone is on trial, the ​case in which that person's ​guilt is being ​judged has ​begun: He was on trial for ​assault and robbery.
  • trial noun (TEST)

[C/U] a ​test, usually over a ​limitedperiod of ​time, to ​discover how ​effective or ​suitable something or someone is: [C] The ​agencyplans to ​conductclinical trials of the ​drug. [U] We have the ​videotapes on a trial ​basis for one ​week – if we don’t like them, we can ​send them back.
  • trial noun (PROBLEM)

[C] something or someone that ​causesanxiety or ​problems: the trials of ​adolescence
(Definition of trial from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"trial" in Business English

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trialnoun

uk   us   /ˈtraɪəl/
[C] PRODUCTION a ​test to discover how ​safe, ​effective, etc. a ​product is: a clinical/drug/field trial The ​companyconducted three clinical trials to ​determine the drug's ​safety. conduct/​run/undergo trials
[C or U] PRODUCTION, HR the ​process of using a ​product or ​employing a ​person for a ​shortperiod in ​order to decide how ​effective or suitable they are: Under the ​scheme, ​employersfill a ​vacancy with a ​long-termunemployedindividual on a trial ​basis for up to 15 ​working days. You can ​buy the ​equipment on trial and take it back if you don't like it. Agents are usually ​appointed for a trial ​period.
[C or U] LAW in a ​court of ​law, the ​process of ​judging whether a ​person is guilty of a ​crime or deciding a ​legal problem, which involves ​hearingstatements, showing ​objects, etc.: await/face/stand trial He was ​ordered to ​stand trial on ​charges of ​unlawfulcomputer use.be/go/be put on trial for sth The ​formerchiefexecutive is on trial for ​fraud. The ​company is ​scheduled to go to trial next ​year. get/be given a ​fair trial
trial and error a way of ​achieving something or solving a problem by ​trying a ​number of different ​methods and ​learning from the mistakes you make: Although some ​products' ​quality can be ​verified through trial and ​error, this is not always practical.

trialverb [T]

uk   us   /ˈtraɪəl/ (-ll-, or -l-)
to ​test something in a ​formal way to discover how ​effective or suitable it is: The ​group is trialling ​internetordering for its ​paper and ​plasticproducts. The ​system will be trialed in the third ​quarter of the ​year in both the U.S. and Japan.
(Definition of trial from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“trial” in American English

“trial” in Business English

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