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Meaning of “unemployment” in the English Dictionary

"unemployment" in British English

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unemploymentnoun [U]

uk   /ˌʌn.ɪmˈplɔɪ.mənt/  us   /ˌʌn.ɪmˈplɔɪ.mənt/
B1 the ​number of ​people who do not have a ​job that ​providesmoney: Unemployment has fallen/​risen again for the third ​consecutivemonth.
the ​state of being ​unemployed
US →  unemployment benefit

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(Definition of unemployment from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"unemployment" in American English

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unemploymentnoun [U]

 us   /ˌʌn·ɪmˈplɔɪ·mənt/
social studies the ​situation of not having a ​job that ​providesmoney, or the ​number of ​people in this ​situation at any ​time: high/​low unemployment The unemployment ​rate was 4 ​percent in ​October.
(Definition of unemployment from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"unemployment" in Business English

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unemploymentnoun [U]

uk   us   /ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt/
ECONOMICS, WORKPLACE the ​number or ​percentage of ​people in a country or ​area who do not have ​jobs: In the ​hardesthitareas, unemployment ​stands at around 14%. Youth unemployment among those between 16 and 19 remains high. The ​Office for National Statistics said the "​claimant count" measure of unemploymentdropped by 5,500 last month. an ​area of low/high unemployment unemployment ​figures/​levels/​statistics widespread/​rising/​growing unemploymentunemployment rises/soars/climbs In Arkansas, the state's unemployment ​rose from 4.1% in December to 4.3% in January.unemployment falls/drops/decreases Unemployment is ​dropping fastest in the ​north of the country.level/rate of unemployment Unofficial ​estimates put the ​level of unemployment in the ​region at around 10%.rise/increase/decline in unemployment Further ​increases in unemployment are expected.reduce/cut/tackle unemployment Helping ​people out of ​poverty involves ensuring they have the ​rightskills to ​compete in the ​labourmarket, as well as ​tackling unemployment.unemployment remains low/high/steady Fed ​forecasts are that unemployment will remain ​low at about 4.75%.
a ​situation in which someone does not have a ​job: Fear of unemployment is ​drivinghomeowners to ​trade down as a ​safetymeasure against the chance of tough ​timesahead.a period/spell of unemployment Periods of unemployment are an inevitable ​feature of modern ​workinglife. Welfarediscriminationplunges thousands of young ​people into a ​cycle of homelessness, unemployment and ​poverty.
US informal money that the ​governmentpaysregularly to ​unemployedpeople who are looking for ​jobs: If your ​contract is ​terminated, insist that your ​bosses give you a ​letterconfirming that you can claim unemployment.
(Definition of unemployment from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“unemployment” in Business English

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