Meaning of “vertical” in the English Dictionary

"vertical" in British English

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verticaladjective

uk /ˈvɜː.tɪ.kəl/ us /ˈvɝː.t̬ə.kəl/

C1 standing or pointing straight up or at an angle of 90° to a horizontal surface or line:

vertical lines/stripes
She looked over the cliff and found she was standing at the edge of a vertical drop.

More examples

  • Carefully tighten the clamp until it firmly supports the pipette in a vertical position.
  • In tin mining today, workers excavate tunnels horizontally from a vertical shaft.
  • Rotate it slowly from the horizontal into a vertical position.
  • Plot distance on the vertical Y-axis against time on the horizontal X-axis.
  • This vertical section of the soil shows four basic soil layers.
vertically
adverb uk /ˈvɜː.tɪ.kəl.i/ us /ˈvɝː.t̬ə.kəl.i/

A wall of rock towered vertically up on one side of the narrow mountain path.

verticalnoun [ C usually singular ]

uk /ˈvɜː.tɪ.kəl/ us /ˈvɝː.t̬ə.kəl/

(Definition of “vertical” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"vertical" in American English

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verticaladjective

us /ˈvɜr·t̬ɪ·kəl/

standing or pointing straight up or at an angle of 90 to a horizontal surface or line:

Water that had leaked from above formed a vertical line down one wall.

(Definition of “vertical” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"vertical" in Business English

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verticaladjective

uk /ˈvɜːtɪkəl/ us

GRAPHS & CHARTS a vertical line, column, etc. goes straight up or down rather than across:

The vertical columns of the table were headed with the months of the year.

HR used to describe the different ranks of managers and workers in an organization:

The vertical structures of the past are less popular now that decision-making and innovation are encouraged at all operating levels.
If there are more than five levels of management, the organization is said to be high in vertical differentiation.

COMMERCE, FINANCE used to describe the different stages of an industrial or commercial process, and the organizations involved:

vertical agreement/market/restraint Vertical restraints can be used to isolate national markets, particularly where there are price differences between EU Member States.

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(Definition of “vertical” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)