with Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “with” in the English Dictionary

"with" in British English

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withpreposition

uk   us   /wɪð/
  • with preposition (COMPANY)

A1 used to say that ​people or things are in a ​place together or are doing something together: I was with Sylvia at the ​time. He ​lives with his ​grandmother. He's ​impossible to ​work with. I'm going to France with a ​couple of ​friends. Ingrid Bergman ​starred with Humphrey Bogart in the ​movie "Casablanca". I ​left my ​books with Sandra. Ice ​cream with ​yourapplepie? Mix the ​butter with the ​sugar and then ​add the ​egg. I'll be with you (= I will give you my ​attention) in a second. She's ​staying with her ​parents (= at ​theirhouse) for a few ​months. He's been with the ​department (= ​working in it) since 2010.

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  • with preposition (METHOD)

A2 using something: He was ​shot at ​closerange with a ​pistol. She ​wiped her ​lipstick off with a ​tissue. Join the two ​pieces together with ​glue. Please ​handle this ​package with ​care. They set up a ​business with the ​help of a ​bankloan.

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  • with preposition (DESCRIPTION)

A1 having or ​including something: a ​tall woman with ​darkhair He's ​married with three ​children. They were ​divided into two ​groups, with no ​girls in one ​group and no ​boys in the other. He ​spoke with a ​softIrishaccent. We're an ​internationalcompany with ​offices in Paris, New York, and Sydney. Two ​coffeesplease, one with ​milk and one without. He ​arrived in Los Angeles with nothing but the ​clothes he was ​wearing. He ​woke up with a ​terribleheadache. I was second in the ​race with a ​time of 14.2 ​seconds. With a ​bit of ​luck, we should be back in ​time for ​dinner. Both ​theirchildrengraduated with ​degrees in ​economics. used at the ​beginning of ​variousphrases written at the end of a ​letter: With ​bestwishes from Charles. With ​love, Roberta. including: With ​yourcontribution, that makes a ​total of £45.

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  • with preposition (RELATIONSHIP)

B2 relating to or in the ​case of a ​person or thing: How are things with you? Russia has just ​drawn up a ​tradeagreement with Norway. This hasn't got anything to do with you (= this is not something you should be ​interested in). The government's ​policies have not been ​popular with (= among) the ​voters. He's very ​careless with his ​money. She ​talked a lot about her ​relationship with Charlotte.

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  • with preposition (CONTAINING/COVERING)

B1 used to show what is on or in something: She ​laid the ​table with the ​bestchina. Her ​blouse was ​spattered with ​blood. The ​room was ​littered with ​toys. The ​trucks were ​laden with ​food and ​medicine. She ​filled the ​jug up with ​cream.

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  • with preposition (CAUSE)

B2 because of or ​caused by someone or something: He ​winced with ​pain. I was ​trembling with ​fear. She's been at ​home with a ​badcold for the past ​week. I can't ​work with all that ​noise going on. Hopes were ​dashed in the ​war-torncapital with the ​news that no ​aid would be ​arriving that ​week. With ​examsapproaching, it's a good ​idea to ​reviewyourclassnotes. (What) with all the ​excitement and ​confusion, I ​forgot to say ​goodbye to her.

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  • with preposition (OPPOSITION)

against something: I ​ended up having an ​argument with her. She has ​fought a ​constantbattle with ​depressionthroughout her ​career. The two ​countries went to ​war with one another over ​oilprices. A ​truck had ​collided with a ​car.

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  • with preposition (SEPARATION)

used with words ​showingseparation: I'd ​rather not ​part with my ​cash. He ​decided to put his ​failedmarriage behind him and make a ​cleanbreak with the past.

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  • with preposition (AND)

and, or ​followed by: I'd like a ​steak and ​fries with ​applepie for ​dessert. $200 is ​payableimmediately with a ​further $100 ​payable on ​delivery.

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  • with preposition (COMPARISON)

used in ​comparisons: I have nothing in ​common with my ​brother. This cake's very ​lightcompared with the last one you made.

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  • with preposition (SUPPORT)

supporting someone or something: If you ​want to go for a ​promotion, I'll be with you all the way. You have to ​decide where you ​stand on this ​issue - you're either with me or against me.
Opposite

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  • with preposition (DIRECTION)

in the same ​direction as something: The ​wind was with me on the ​homestretch and I ​ran well.
Opposite
  • with preposition (DESPITE)

despite something: With all her ​faults, she's still a really good ​friend.
  • with preposition (EXPRESSIONS)

used to ​express a ​wish or ​instruction: Away with you! (= Go away!) Off to ​bed with you! (= Go to ​bed!) On with the show! (= Let it ​continue.) Down with ​school! (= We don't ​want/like it.)
Idioms
(Definition of with from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"with" in American English

See all translations

withpreposition

 us   /wɪθ, wɪð/
  • with preposition (TOGETHER)

used of ​people or things that are together or doing something together: She’s in the ​kitchen with Dad. He’s an ​impossibleperson to ​work with. I ​think I’ll have some ​icecream with my ​pie. I’ll be with you (= I will give you my ​attention) in a ​moment. She’s been with the ​magazine (= ​working for it) for two ​years.
  • with preposition (USING)

using (something) or by ​means of (something): I ​bought it with my ​giftcertificate. The ​label on the ​box says, "Handle with ​care." He ​caught the ​crabs with a ​largenet.
  • with preposition (HAVING)

having or ​possessing (someone or something): I’d like a ​room with an ​oceanview. He’s ​married with three ​children. The ​doctorspoke with a ​Germanaccent. We’re a ​multinationalcompany with ​offices in London, ​Paris, and New York. With a little ​luck, we should be back in ​time for ​dinner. Both ​theirchildrengraduated with ​degrees in ​economics. With can also ​meanincluding: With ​yourcontribution, we have a ​total of $450.
  • with preposition (RELATING TO)

relating to or in the ​case of (a ​person or thing): How are things with you? That has nothing to do with the ​subject. Her ​books are ​popular with ​teenagegirls. He’s very ​careless with his ​money. The ​trouble with this ​skirt is that it ​wrinkles too ​easily. What’s the ​matter with her?
  • with preposition (CAUSED BY)

because of or caused by (something): He was ​trembling with ​fear. She’s at ​home with a ​badcold. His ​confidence was ​bolstered with the ​support of a lot of ​friends and ​relatives. With all the ​excitement and ​confusion, I ​forgot to say ​goodbye to her.
  • with preposition (AGAINST)

against (something): The ​companyfaces a ​longbattle with the ​softwaregiant. I always end up ​arguing with him about ​politics.
  • with preposition (SUPPORTING)

supporting (someone or something): If you ​want to go for a ​promotion, I’ll be with you all the way. Where do you ​stand on this ​issue – are you with us or against us?
  • with preposition (DESPITE)

despite (something): With all her ​faults, she’s still one of the ​bestteachers we’ve ​ever had.
  • with preposition (AND)

and; ​followed by: I’d like a ​hamburger and ​Frenchfries with a ​smallsalad. Two hundred ​dollars is ​payableimmediately, with a ​further $100 ​payable on ​delivery.
(Definition of with from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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