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Meaning of “with” in the English Dictionary

"with" in British English

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withpreposition

uk   /wɪð/ us   /wɪð/
  • with preposition (COMPANY)

A1 used to say that people or things are in a place together or are doing something together: I was with Sylvia at the time. He lives with his grandmother. He's impossible to work with. I'm going to France with a couple of friends. Ingrid Bergman starred with Humphrey Bogart in the movie "Casablanca". I left my books with Sandra. Ice cream with your apple pie? Mix the butter with the sugar and then add the egg. I'll be with you (= I will give you my attention) in a second. She's staying with her parents (= at their house) for a few months. He's been with the department (= working in it) since 2010.

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  • with preposition (METHOD)

A2 using something: He was shot at close range with a pistol. She wiped her lipstick off with a tissue. Join the two pieces together with glue. Please handle this package with care. They set up a business with the help of a bank loan.

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  • with preposition (DESCRIPTION)

A1 having or including something: a tall woman with dark hair He's married with three children. They were divided into two groups, with no girls in one group and no boys in the other. He spoke with a soft Irish accent. We're an international company with offices in Paris, New York, and Sydney. Two coffees please, one with milk and one without. He arrived in Los Angeles with nothing but the clothes he was wearing. He woke up with a terrible headache. I was second in the race with a time of 14.2 seconds. With a bit of luck, we should be back in time for dinner. Both their children graduated with degrees in economics.
used at the beginning of various phrases written at the end of a letter: With best wishes from Charles. With love, Roberta.
including: With your contribution, that makes a total of £45.

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  • with preposition (RELATIONSHIP)

B2 relating to or in the case of a person or thing: How are things with you? Russia has just drawn up a trade agreement with Norway. This hasn't got anything to do with you (= this is not something you should be interested in). The government's policies have not been popular with (= among) the voters. He's very careless with his money. She talked a lot about her relationship with Charlotte.

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  • with preposition (CONTAINING/COVERING)

B1 used to show what is on or in something: She laid the table with the best china. Her blouse was spattered with blood. The room was littered with toys. The trucks were laden with food and medicine. She filled the jug up with cream.

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  • with preposition (CAUSE)

B2 because of or caused by someone or something: He winced with pain. I was trembling with fear. She's been at home with a bad cold for the past week. I can't work with all that noise going on. Hopes were dashed in the war-torn capital with the news that no aid would be arriving that week. With exams approaching, it's a good idea to review your class notes. (What) with all the excitement and confusion, I forgot to say goodbye to her.

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  • with preposition (OPPOSITION)

against something: I ended up having an argument with her. She has fought a constant battle with depression throughout her career. The two countries went to war with one another over oil prices. A truck had collided with a car.

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  • with preposition (COMPARISON)

used in comparisons: I have nothing in common with my brother. This cake's very light compared with the last one you made.

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  • with preposition (SUPPORT)

supporting someone or something: If you want to go for a promotion, I'll be with you all the way. You have to decide where you stand on this issue - you're either with me or against me.
Opposite

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  • with preposition (DIRECTION)

in the same direction as something: The wind was with me on the home stretch and I ran well.
Opposite
  • with preposition (EXPRESSIONS)

used to express a wish or instruction: Away with you! (= Go away!) Off to bed with you! (= Go to bed!) On with the show! (= Let it continue.) Down with school! (= We don't want/like it.)
Idioms
(Definition of with from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"with" in American English

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withpreposition

us   /wɪθ, wɪð/
  • with preposition (TOGETHER)

used of people or things that are together or doing something together: She’s in the kitchen with Dad. He’s an impossible person to work with. I think I’ll have some ice cream with my pie. I’ll be with you (= I will give you my attention) in a moment. She’s been with the magazine (= working for it) for two years.
  • with preposition (USING)

using (something) or by means of (something): I bought it with my gift certificate. The label on the box says, "Handle with care." He caught the crabs with a large net.
  • with preposition (HAVING)

having or possessing (someone or something): I’d like a room with an ocean view. He’s married with three children. The doctor spoke with a German accent. We’re a multinational company with offices in London, Paris, and New York. With a little luck, we should be back in time for dinner. Both their children graduated with degrees in economics.
With can also mean including: With your contribution, we have a total of $450.
  • with preposition (RELATING TO)

relating to or in the case of (a person or thing): How are things with you? That has nothing to do with the subject. Her books are popular with teenage girls. He’s very careless with his money. The trouble with this skirt is that it wrinkles too easily. What’s the matter with her?
  • with preposition (CAUSED BY)

because of or caused by (something): He was trembling with fear. She’s at home with a bad cold. His confidence was bolstered with the support of a lot of friends and relatives. With all the excitement and confusion, I forgot to say goodbye to her.
  • with preposition (AGAINST)

against (something): The company faces a long battle with the software giant. I always end up arguing with him about politics.
  • with preposition (SUPPORTING)

supporting (someone or something): If you want to go for a promotion, I’ll be with you all the way. Where do you stand on this issue – are you with us or against us?
  • with preposition (DESPITE)

despite (something): With all her faults, she’s still one of the best teachers we’ve ever had.
  • with preposition (AND)

and; followed by: I’d like a hamburger and French fries with a small salad. Two hundred dollars is payable immediately, with a further $100 payable on delivery.
(Definition of with from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
by ,
May 25, 2016
by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

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