Meaning of “with” in the English Dictionary

"with" in British English

See all translations


uk /wɪð/ us /wɪð/

with preposition (COMPANY)

A1 used to say that people or things are in a place together or are doing something together:

I was with Sylvia at the time.
He lives with his grandmother.
He's impossible to work with.
I'm going to France with a couple of friends.
Ingrid Bergman starred with Humphrey Bogart in the movie "Casablanca".
I left my books with Sandra.
Ice cream with your apple pie?
Mix the butter with the sugar and then add the egg.
I'll be with you (= I will give you my attention) in a second.
She's staying with her parents (= at their house) for a few months.
He's been with the department (= working in it) since 2010.

More examples

  • I can't play chess with him. He's completely out of my class!
  • She's having an affair with a married man.
  • I should like some time to confer with my lawyer.
  • She's running around with Micky and his friends these days.
  • Why don't you take him along with you when you go?

with preposition (METHOD)

A2 using something:

He was shot at close range with a pistol.
She wiped her lipstick off with a tissue.
Join the two pieces together with glue.
Please handle this package with care.
They set up a business with the help of a bank loan.

More examples

  • The wires were fastened together with a plastic clip.
  • The concrete is strengthened with steel rods.
  • Rub the wood down with fine sandpaper till it is smooth.
  • He scooped the sand into a bucket with his hands.
  • Seal the package up with sticky tape.

with preposition (DESCRIPTION)

A1 having or including something:

a tall woman with dark hair
He's married with three children.
They were divided into two groups, with no girls in one group and no boys in the other.
He spoke with a soft Irish accent.
We're an international company with offices in Paris, New York, and Sydney.
Two coffees please, one with milk and one without.
He arrived in Los Angeles with nothing but the clothes he was wearing.
He woke up with a terrible headache.
I was second in the race with a time of 14.2 seconds.
With a bit of luck, we should be back in time for dinner.

used at the beginning of various phrases written at the end of a letter:

With best wishes from Charles.
With love, Roberta.


With your contribution, that makes a total of £45.

More examples

  • Many of the TV programmes are broadcast with subtitles for the deaf.
  • He spoke with great depth of feeling.
  • She was diagnosed with diabetes.
  • He's been in bed all week with flu.
  • Suddenly, the building echoed with the sound of gunfire.

with preposition (RELATIONSHIP)

B2 relating to or in the case of a person or thing:

How are things with you?
Russia has just drawn up a trade agreement with Norway.
This hasn't got anything to do with you (= this is not something you should be interested in).
The government's policies have not been popular with (= among) the voters.
He's very careless with his money.
She talked a lot about her relationship with Charlotte.

More examples

  • Rick's more involved with the financial end of things.
  • They've been engaged in a legal battle with the council for several months.
  • The police have found no evidence of a terrorist link with the murder.
  • I'm having problems with my computer.
  • Unions bargain with employers for better rates of pay each year.

with preposition (CONTAINING/COVERING)

B1 used to show what is on or in something:

She laid the table with the best china.
Her blouse was spattered with blood.
The room was littered with toys.
The trucks were laden with food and medicine.
She filled the jug up with cream.

More examples

  • How much of the earth's surface is covered with water?
  • She spread her toast with a thick layer of butter.
  • I scattered the whole lawn with grass seed.
  • Under her bed, they found a bag stuffed with money.
  • The platform was crammed with people trying to board the train.

with preposition (CAUSE)

B2 because of or caused by someone or something:

He winced with pain.
I was trembling with fear.
She's been at home with a bad cold for the past week.
I can't work with all that noise going on.
Hopes were dashed in the war-torn capital with the news that no aid would be arriving that week.
With exams approaching, it's a good idea to review your class notes.
(What) with all the excitement and confusion, I forgot to say goodbye to her.

More examples

  • She went crimson with embarrassment.
  • Her face crumpled with laughter.
  • The car was forced to retire from the race with a damaged gearbox.
  • Eventually, the metal buckled with the pressure that was being exerted against it.
  • I couldn't catch what the announcer said, with all the other noise going on.

with preposition (OPPOSITION)

against something:

I ended up having an argument with her.
The two countries went to war with one another over oil prices.
A truck had collided with a car.

More examples

  • Students clashed with police after demonstrations at five universities.
  • It's difficult for a small supermarket to compete with the big supermarkets.
  • He struggled with his attacker who then ran off.
  • He had a couple of scrapes with the police and ended up in court.
  • We battled with the elements to get the roof fixed.

with preposition (SEPARATION)

used with words showing separation:

I'd rather not part with my cash.
He decided to put his failed marriage behind him and make a clean break with the past.

More examples

  • His plans represented a break with tradition.
  • He split up with his girlfriend after they had a row in public.
  • Their decision to not call their daughter Jane was a break with family tradition.
  • She was reluctant to part with her favourite jumper.
  • She's just broken up with her boyfriend.

with preposition (AND)

and, or followed by:

I'd like a steak and fries with apple pie for dessert.
$200 is payable immediately with a further $100 payable on delivery.

More examples

  • There will be a screening of the film with a talk by the director afterwards.
  • They were offered a free meal, with wine.

with preposition (COMPARISON)

used in comparisons:

I have nothing in common with my brother.
This cake's very light compared with the last one you made.

More examples

  • This road is quite busy compared with ours.
  • The hotel certainly compared favourably with the one we stayed in last year.
  • The family in the television programme could not be credibly compared with a real one.
  • I thought I was badly treated but my experiences pale in comparison with yours.
  • The regeneration of the city's downtown dock front will put it on a par with Nice or Cannes.

with preposition (SUPPORT)

supporting someone or something:

If you want to go for a promotion, I'll be with you all the way.
You have to decide where you stand on this issue - you're either with me or against me.

More examples

  • I need to know that you're with me before I stand for election.
  • You're either with us or against us on this issue.
  • Are you with me on this?
  • The opposition were with the government on the decision to go to war.
  • Many backbenchers decided not to vote with the government on this issue.

with preposition (DIRECTION)

in the same direction as something:

The wind was with me on the home stretch and I ran well.

with preposition (EXPRESSIONS)

used to express a wish or instruction:

Away with you! (= Go away!)
Off to bed with you! (= Go to bed!)
On with the show! (= Let it continue.)
Down with school! (= We don't want/like it.)


(Definition of “with” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"with" in American English

See all translations


us /wɪθ, wɪð/

with preposition (TOGETHER)

used of people or things that are together or doing something together:

She’s in the kitchen with Dad.
He’s an impossible person to work with.
I think I’ll have some ice cream with my pie.
I’ll be with you (= I will give you my attention) in a moment.
She’s been with the magazine (= working for it) for two years.

with preposition (USING)

using (something) or by means of (something):

I bought it with my gift certificate.
The label on the box says, "Handle with care."
He caught the crabs with a large net.

with preposition (HAVING)

having or possessing (someone or something):

I’d like a room with an ocean view.
He’s married with three children.
The doctor spoke with a German accent.
We’re a multinational company with offices in London, Paris, and New York.
With a little luck, we should be back in time for dinner.

With can also mean including:

With your contribution, we have a total of $450.

with preposition (RELATING TO)

relating to or in the case of (a person or thing):

How are things with you?
That has nothing to do with the subject.
Her books are popular with teenage girls.
He’s very careless with his money.
The trouble with this skirt is that it wrinkles too easily.
What’s the matter with her?

with preposition (CAUSED BY)

because of or caused by (something):

He was trembling with fear.
She’s at home with a bad cold.
His confidence was bolstered with the support of a lot of friends and relatives.
With all the excitement and confusion, I forgot to say goodbye to her.

with preposition (AGAINST)

against (something):

I always end up arguing with him about politics.

with preposition (SUPPORTING)

supporting (someone or something):

If you want to go for a promotion, I’ll be with you all the way.
Where do you stand on this issue – are you with us or against us?

with preposition (DESPITE)

despite (something):

With all her faults, she’s still one of the best teachers we’ve ever had.

with preposition (AND)

and; followed by:

I’d like a hamburger and French fries with a small salad.
Two hundred dollars is payable immediately, with a further $100 payable on delivery.

(Definition of “with” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)