Meaning of “year” in the English Dictionary

"year" in English

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uk /jɪər/ us /jɪr/

A1 [ C ] a period of twelve months, especially from 1 January to 31 December:

Annette worked in Italy for two years.
2005 was one of the worst years of my life.
We went to Egypt on holiday last year.
At this time of year the beaches are almost deserted.
This species keeps its leaves all year (round) (= through the year).

[ C ] a period of twelve months relating to a particular activity:

The financial/tax year begins in April.

A2 [ C ] the part of the year, in a school or university, during which courses are taught:

the academic/school year
UK She's now in her final/first/second year at Manchester University.
US My daughter is in her freshman/sophomore/junior/senior year.

[ C, + sing/pl verb ] UK US class a group of students who start school, college, university, or a course together:

Kathy was in the year above me at college.

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uk / -jɪər/ us / -jɪr/ UK

(Definition of “year” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"year" in American English

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yearnoun [ C ]

us /jɪər/

any period of twelve months, or a particular period of twelve months beginning with January 1:

last/next year
She brought along her eight-year-old daughter.
My parents have been married for 30 years.
Richard earned his degree in the year 1995.
You can get cheaper fares now, so it’s a good time of year to travel abroad.

In a school, a year refers to the part of the year during which courses are taught:

September is the start of the new academic year.

(Definition of “year” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"year" in Business English

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yearnoun [ C ]

uk /jɪər/ us

also calendar year a period of 365 or 366 days, starting on January 1st and ending on December 31st:

The project took five years to complete.
last/next/this year
the following/previous year

a period of twelve months relating to a particular activity:

He earns $68,000 a year.

a long time:

It's taken years to get funding for the project.
He's been doing the same job for years.
of the year

a thing or person of the year is one that has been chosen as the best in a particular area or activity for that year:

She won the Business Woman of the Year award in 2010.
year after year

every year for a long period:

The fund produces terrific results year after year.
year by year

if something increases, develops, etc. year by year, it happens each year over a period of time:

Savers should monitor their funds year by year.
Credit card fraud is still increasing on a year-by-year basis.
year in, year out

if something happens year in, year out, it has been happening for a while and is expected to continue in the same way:

Investors should choose a fund that does consistently well year in, year out.

(Definition of “year” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)