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English definition of “abstain”

abstain

verb [I]     /əbˈsteɪn/
NOT DO formal to not do something that you enjoy because it is bad or unhealthy: The doctor suggested that he abstain from alcohol.Abstaining and refraining
NOT VOTE to choose not to vote for or against something: 63 members voted in favour, 39 opposed and 5 abstained.Abstaining and refraining
abstention     /əbˈstenʃən/ noun [C, U]
(Definition of abstain verb from the Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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