by preposition Meaning in the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo
Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

Meaning of “by” - Learner’s Dictionary

by

preposition     strong /baɪ/ weak /, /
DO
A2 used to show the person or thing that does something: She was examined by a doctor. The building had been destroyed by fire. a painting by Van GoghCausing things to happen
HOW
A2 through doing or using something: Can I pay by cheque? I sent it by email. We'll get there by car. [+ doing sth] Open the file by clicking on the icon.Causing things to happen
HOLDING
B2 holding a particular part of someone or something: She grabbed me by the arm.Having in your hands
NEAR
B1 near or next to something or someone: I'll meet you by the post office. A small child stood by her side.Next to and beside
NOT LATER
A2 not later than a particular time or date: Applications have to be in by the 31st.Before, after and alreadyAfter and behind
ACCORDING TO
according to: By law you must be eighteen to purchase alcohol.Being based on or depending on somethingQuoting and making references
PAST
past: He sped by me on a motorcycle.General words for movement
AMOUNT
used to show measurements or amounts: twelve by ten metres of floor space Interest rates have been increased by 0.25%. I'm paid by the hour. Copies have sold by the million.Weighing and measuring
by accident/chance/mistake, etc
B1 as a result of an accident/chance/mistake, etc: I went to the wrong room by mistake.Not expected or planned
by day/night
during the day/nightRelating to regular periods of time
day by day/little by little/one by one, etc
used in particular phrases to mean 'gradually' or 'in units of': Day by day he grew stronger.Slow and moving slowly
(Definition of by preposition from the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website
Luckily, no one was hurt. (Adverbs for starting sentences)
Luckily, no one was hurt. (Adverbs for starting sentences)
by ,
June 29, 2016
by Kate Woodford This week we’re looking at adverbs that we use to introduce sentences. We’ll begin with a set of adverbs that we use to show we are grateful for something that happened. Starting with a very common adverb, fortunately often introduces a sentence in which the speaker talks about a good thing that happened,

Read More 

Word of the Day

frenemy

a person who pretends to be your friend but is in fact an enemy

Word of the Day

creeping obesity noun
creeping obesity noun
June 27, 2016
obesity which results from incremental weight gain over a number of years More than just a holiday glow: Experts reveal taking a vacation can actually save your LIFE (but there is still a risk of ‘creeping obesity’)

Read More