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English definition of “case”

case

noun
 
 
/keɪs/
SITUATION [C] B1 a particular situation or example of something: People were imprisoned, and, in some cases, killed for their beliefs. We usually ask for references, but in your case it will not be necessary. The whole film is based on a case of mistaken identity.Samples and examplesSituations and circumstances
COURT OF LAW [C] B2 something that is decided in a court of law: a libel/criminal/divorce case He lost his case.Court cases, orders and decisions
CRIME [C] B2 a crime that police are trying to solve: a murder case Police in the town have investigated 50 cases of burglary in the past month.Crime - general wordsCourt cases, orders and decisionsRelating to detection and solving crimes
ILLNESS [C] an illness, or someone with an illness: 4,000 new cases of the disease are diagnosed every year.Disease and illness - general wordsPeople who receive medical treatment
be the case B1 to be true: Bad diet can cause tiredness, but I don't think that's the case here.True, real, false, and unreal
REASONS [C] facts or reasons that prove a particular opinion: [usually singular] There is a strong case for/against bringing in the new legislation. mainly UK He put the case for more funding very convincingly.Proving and disproving
CONTAINER [C] A2 a container for storing or protecting something: a pencil case a cigarette case The statues are kept in a glass case.General and miscellaneous containers
BAG [C] UK A2 another word for suitcase (= a rectangular bag or container with a handle which you use for carrying clothes in when you are travelling) General and miscellaneous containers
(just) in case B1 because something might happen, or might have happened: I don't think that it's going to rain, but I'll bring a raincoat just in case.Connecting words which introduce a cause or reason
in any case B2 used to give another reason for something that you are saying, or that you have done: I don't want to go skiing and, in any case, I can't afford it.Also, extra, and in addition
in that case/in which case B2 because that is the situation/if that is the situation: "Peter's coming tonight." "Oh, in that case, I'll stay in."Connecting words which introduce a cause or reason
be a case of doing sth to be necessary to do something: We know that we're right. It's just a case of proving it.Essential or necessary
in case of sth formal B1 when something happens, or in preparation for when something happens: We keep a bucket of water backstage, in case of fire.Connecting words which express a condition
LANGUAGE [C] any of the various types to which a noun can belong, depending on what it is doing in the sentence, usually shown by a particular endingGrammatical terms
→ See also lower case, upper case, a case in point, be/get on sb's case, be on the case
(Definition of case from the Cambridge Learners Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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