Meaning of “could” - Learner’s Dictionary

could

modal verb uk us strong /kʊd/ weak /kəd/
CAN

A2 used as the past form of 'can' to talk about what someone or something was able or allowed to do:

I couldn't see what he was doing.
You said we could watch television when we'd finished our homework.
POSSIBLE

B1 used to talk about what is possible or might happen:

The baby could arrive any day now.
This kind of crime could easily be prevented.
She could have been seriously injured.
ASK

A2 used to ask someone politely to do or provide something:

Could you lend me £5?
Could I have another drink?
ASK PERMISSION

B1 used to ask politely for permission to do something:

Could I speak to Mr Davis, please?
SUGGEST

B1 used to make a suggestion:

You could try painting it a different colour.
I could (have)

used when you feel so happy, sad, angry, etc that you would like to do something:

I was so grateful I could have kissed her!

(Definition of “could” from the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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