Meaning of “experiment” - Learner’s Dictionary

experiment

noun [ C ] us uk /ɪkˈsperɪmənt/
scientific experimentsinhumane experiments on monkeysThe table below shows the results of the experiment.Parallel experiments are being conducted in both countries.There is a growing debate on medical experiments.

B1 a test, especially a scientific one, that you do in order to learn something or discover if something is true:

to conduct/do/perform / an experiment
They're conducting experiments on hamster cells to test the effects of the drug.

(Definition of “experiment noun” from the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)