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Meaning of “hard” - Learner’s Dictionary

hard

adjective     /hɑːd/
FIRM
A2 firm and stiff, and not easy to press or bend: a hard surface The seats in the waiting room were hard and uncomfortable.Hard and firmPhysically strong and powerful
DIFFICULT
A1 difficult to do or understand: [+ to do sth] It must be hard to study with all this noise. Actually, the exam wasn't that hard. Quitting my job was the hardest decision I ever had to make.Difficult things and peoplePreventing and impeding
WITH EFFORT
B1 using or done with a lot of effort: the long, hard struggle With a bit of hard work and determination we might still finish on time.Effort and expending energyTrying and making an effort
UNPLEASANT
full of problems and difficult to deal with: My grandparents had a very hard life. The past few months must've been really hard for you.Difficult things and peoplePreventing and impeding
NOT KIND
not gentle or kind: She had a cold, hard look in her eyes.Severe
be hard on sb
B2 to criticize someone too much or treat them unfairly: You shouldn't be so hard on yourself.Treating people or animals badlyInsults and abuseUnkind, cruel and unfeelingViolent or aggressiveDisapproving and criticizingDamaging reputation
to make someone unhappy by causing them problems: Our divorce has been particularly hard on the children.Difficult things and peoplePreventing and impeding
be hard on sth
to damage something or make it have problems: Stress can be hard on any relationship.Damaging and spoilingDestroying and demolishing
do/learn sth the hard way
to do or learn something by experiencing a lot of problems or difficultyDifficult things and peoplePreventing and impeding
give sb a hard time informal
to criticize someone or to treat them unfairly: He gave me a hard time about losing his keys.Disapproving and criticizingDamaging reputation
(Definition of hard adjective from the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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