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English definition of “hard”

hard

adjective     /hɑːd/
FIRM A2 firm and stiff , and not easy to press or bend : a hard surface The seats in the waiting room were hard and uncomfortable .Hard and firmPhysically strong and powerful
DIFFICULT A1 difficult to do or understand : [+ to do sth] It must be hard to study with all this noise . Actually , the exam wasn't that hard. Quitting my job was the hardest decision I ever had to make.Difficult things and peoplePreventing and impeding
WITH EFFORT B1 using or done with a lot of effort : the long , hard struggle With a bit of hard work and determination we might still finish on time .Effort and expending energyTrying and making an effort
UNPLEASANT full of problems and difficult to deal with: My grandparents had a very hard life . The past few months must've been really hard for you.Difficult things and peoplePreventing and impeding
NOT KIND not gentle or kind : She had a cold , hard look in her eyes .Severe
be hard on sb B2 to criticize someone too much or treat them unfairly : You shouldn't be so hard on yourself.Treating people or animals badlyInsults and abuseUnkind, cruel and unfeelingViolent or aggressiveDisapproving and criticizingDamaging reputation to make someone unhappy by causing them problems : Our divorce has been particularly hard on the children .Difficult things and peoplePreventing and impeding
be hard on sth to damage something or make it have problems : Stress can be hard on any relationship .Damaging and spoilingDestroying and demolishing
do/learn sth the hard way to do or learn something by experiencing a lot of problems or difficulty Difficult things and peoplePreventing and impeding
give sb a hard time informal to criticize someone or to treat them unfairly : He gave me a hard time about losing his keys .Disapproving and criticizingDamaging reputation
(Definition of hard adjective from the Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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