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English definition of “hold”

hold

verb     /həʊld/ (past tense and past participle held)
IN HAND [T] A2 to have something in your hand or arms : He was holding a glass of wine . She held the baby in her arms . They were holding hands and kissing .Having in your hands
KEEP IN POSITION [T] B1 to keep something in a particular position : Can you hold the door open please ? Hold your hand up if you know the answer . The frame was held together with screws . They held a gun to his head .Limiting and restrictingPreventing and impeding
ORGANIZE [T] B1 to organize an event : to hold talks /an election Managing and organizing
CONTAIN [T] B1 to contain something or to be able to contain a particular amount of something: The bucket holds about 10 litres .Keeping and storing thingsIncluding and containingComprising and consisting of
JOB OR QUALIFICATION [T] to have a particular job , position , or qualification : She held the post of treasurer .Jobs, careers and professionsWorkingSchool and vocational qualifications
COMPETITION [T] to have a particular position in a competition : to hold the world record to hold the lead Competing and contending (non-sporting)Competing in sportCompetitions, and parts of competitions
STORE [T] to store documents , information , etc in a particular place : The documents are held in the local library .Keeping and storing things
PRISONER [T] B2 to keep someone as a prisoner : Police held the suspect overnight . The hijackers are holding them hostage / prisoner .Putting people in prisonArresting and charging
ARMY [T] If soldiers hold a place , they control it: Rebel troops held the village .Controlling and being in charge
hold an opinion/belief/view to believe something: They held the view that it was wrong to smack children .Believing
hold a conversation to have a conversation Informal talking and conversation
hold sb's attention/interest to keep someone interested in something: The film held my attention from beginning to end.Exciting and interesting
TELEPHONE [I, T] to wait on the telephone until someone can speak to you: Her line's busy . Would you like to hold? Hold the line , please .WaitingStaying and remainingCommunicating by telephone
NOT BREAK [I] to not break : The rope held.Having in your hands
Hold it! informal used to tell someone to wait or stop doing something: Hold it! I've forgotten my coat .Preventing and impedingLimiting and restrictingExpressions telling people to stop doing something
hold shares to own shares (= small , equal parts of the value of a company ) Financial investments and the stock market
hold your breath B2 to intentionally stop breathing for a time Breathing and stopping breathing to wait for something to happen , often feeling anxious Planning, expecting and arrangingPlotting and trappingWaitingStaying and remaining
hold your nose to close your nose with your fingers to avoid smelling something unpleasant → See also hold your ownSmells and smellingGestures with the hands or arms
(Definition of hold verb from the Cambridge Learner's Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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