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Meaning of “penalize” - Learner’s Dictionary

penalize

verb [T] ( also UK -ise)     /ˈpiːnəlaɪz/
CAUSE DISADVANTAGE
to cause someone a disadvantage: The present tax system penalizes poor people.Damaging and spoilingDestroying and demolishing
PUNISH
to punish someone for breaking a law or a rule: He was penalized early in the game for dangerous play.Punishing and punishmentsPunishing by causing painHitting and beatingRefereeing and judging in sport
(Definition of penalize from the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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