so adverb Meaning in the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Meaning of “so” - Learner’s Dictionary

so

adverb     /səʊ/
VERY A2 used before an adjective or adverb to emphasize what you are saying, especially when there is a particular result: I was so tired when I got home. I love her so much. [+ (that)] I was so upset that I couldn't speak.Very and extremeComplete and wholeIntensifying expressions
ANSWER A2 used to give a short answer to a question to avoid repeating a phrase: "Is Ben coming to the party?" "I hope so."Connecting words joining words or phrases with similar or related meanings
so did we/so have I/so is mine, etc B1 used to say that someone else also does something or that the same thing is true about someone or something else: "We went to the cinema last night." "Oh, so did we."Similar and the sameDescribing people with the same qualities
GET ATTENTION used to get someone's attention when you are going to ask them a question or when you are going to start talking: So, when are you two going to get married?Connecting words joining words or phrases with similar or related meanings
SHOW SOMETHING used with a movement of your hand to show someone how to do something or show them the size of something: The box was so big. For this exercise, you have to put your hands like so.Ways of achieving things
so it is/so they are, etc used to agree with something that you had not noticed before: "The cat's hiding under the chair." "So it is."Using the eyesEyesight, glasses and lensesThe eye and surrounding areaPerceptive
or so B1 used after a number or amount to show that it is not exact: "How many people were at the party?" "Fifty or so, I guess."Approximate
I told you so used to say that you were right and that someone should have believed youChastising and rebuking
So (what)? used to say that you do not think something is important, especially in a rude way: "She might tell Emily." "So what?"Expressions meaning 'it isn't important to me'
and so on/forth A2 used after a list of things to show that you could have added other similar things: She plays a lot of tennis and squash and so on.Also, extra, and in addition
so as (not) to do sth B2 used to give the reason for doing something: He went in very quietly so as not to wake the baby.Connecting words which introduce a cause or reason
only so much/many used to say that there are limits to something: There's only so much help you can give someone.Range and limits
so much for... informal used to say that something has not been useful or successful: "The computer's crashed again." "So much for modern technology."Failing and doing badly
(Definition of so adverb from the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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