Translation of "by" - English-Turkish dictionary

by

preposition uk us strong /baɪ/ weak /, /
DO

A2 used to show the person or thing that does something

tarafından
She was examined by a doctor.
a painting by Van Gogh
HOW

A2 through doing or using something

ile, yoluyla, vasıtasıyla
Can I pay by cheque?
We'll get there by car.
[ + doing sth ] Open the file by clicking on the icon.
HOLDING

B2 holding a particular part of someone or something

... dan tutarak, dokunarak; ...erek, arak
She grabbed me by the arm.
NEAR

B1 near or next to something or someone

yanında, yanıbaşında
I'll meet you by the post office.
A small child stood by her side.
NOT LATER

A2 not later than a particular time or date

... e kadar, ... saatine/tarihine kadar
Applications have to be in by the 31st.
ACCORDING TO

according to

... a/a göre, uyarınca
By law you must be eighteen to purchase alcohol.
PAST

past

yanından, yakınından geçerek
He sped by me on a motorcycle.
AMOUNT

used to show measurements or amounts

ölçüleri ve miktarları belirtirken, ... lık, ... e ...
twelve by ten metres of floor space
Interest rates have been increased by 0.25%.
I'm paid by the hour.
by accident/chance/mistake, etc

B1 as a result of an accident/chance/mistake, etc

kazara, şans eseri, yanlışlıkla, hatayla
I went to the wrong room by mistake.
by day/night

during the day/night

gece/gündüz
day by day/little by little/one by one, etc

used in particular phrases to mean 'gradually' or 'in units of'

günbegün, azar azar, birer birer
Day by day he grew stronger.

(Translation of “by preposition” from the Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary English-Turkish © Cambridge University Press)