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Definición de “noun” en inglés


noun [C]     /naʊn/
A2 a word that refers to a person, place, thing, event, substance, or quality: 'Doctor', 'tree', 'party', 'coal' and 'beauty' are all nouns.Parts of speech Gramática:NounsNouns are one of the four major word classes, along with verbs, adjectives and adverbs. Nouns are the largest word class.See moreGramática:Types of nounsA noun refers to a person, animal or thing. Some examples are:See moreGramática:Identifying nounsIt is not always possible to identify a noun by its form. However, some word endings can show that the word is probably a noun.See moreGramática:Nouns: compound nounsSome nouns consist of more than one word. These are compound nouns. Compound nouns can be formed in different ways. The most common way is to put two nouns together (noun + noun); other common types are adjective + noun and verb + noun.See moreGramática:Nouns: countable and uncountableSee moreGramática:Countable nounsSome nouns refer to things which, in English, are treated as separate items which can be counted. These are called countable nouns. Here are some examples:See moreGramática:Uncountable nounsIn English grammar, some things are seen as a whole or mass. These are called uncountable nouns, because they cannot be separated or counted.See moreGramática:Countable and uncountable nouns with different meaningsSome nouns can be used either countably or uncountably, but with different meanings.See moreGramática:Uncountable nouns used countablySee moreGramática:Nouns: formSee moreGramática:Singular and plural nounsNouns can be either singular or plural. Singular means just one of the person, animal or thing which the noun refers to. Plural means more than one.See moreGramática:Forming the plural of nounsThe rules for making the plural of nouns depend on the spelling and pronunciation. Most nouns form their plural by adding -s:See moreGramática:Nouns: forming nouns from other wordsWe often form nouns from other parts of speech, most commonly from a verb or an adjective. We can then use the noun phrase instead of the verb or adjective to create a more formal style. We call this nominalisation:See moreGramática:Nouns: singular and pluralSee moreGramática:Nouns used only in the singularSome nouns are used only in the singular, even though they end in -s. These include: the names of academic subjects such as classics, economics, mathematics/maths, physics; the physical activities gymnastics and aerobics; the diseases measles and mumps; and the word news:See moreGramática:Nouns used only in the pluralSome nouns only have a plural form. They cannot be used with numbers. They include the names of certain tools, instruments and articles of clothing which have two parts.See moreGramática:Collective nouns (group words)Some nouns refer to groups of people (e.g. audience, committee, government, team). These are sometimes called collective nouns. Some collective nouns can take a singular or plural verb, depending on whether they are considered as a single unit or as a collection of individuals:See moreGramática:Nouns and genderMost English nouns do not have grammatical gender. Nouns referring to people do not have separate forms for men (male form) and women (female form). However, some nouns traditionally had different forms. Nowadays, people usually prefer more neutral forms.See moreGramática:Nouns and prepositionsMany nouns have particular prepositions which normally follow them. Here are some common examples:See moreGramática:Noun phrasesA noun phrase consists of a noun or pronoun, which is called the head, and any dependent words before or after the head. Dependent words give specific information about the head.See moreGramática:Noun phrases: dependent wordsIn a noun phrase, dependent words before the head are either determiners (e.g. the, my, some) or premodifiers (e.g. adjectives). Dependent words after the head are either complements or postmodifiers.See moreGramática:Noun phrases: determiners (a, the, my, his, some, this, etc.)Determiners come first in a noun phrase (e.g. the big black car). They include:See moreGramática:Noun phrases: premodifiers (big, good, red)Premodifiers consist of single adjectives, adjective phrases, single nouns and noun phrases which are used before the head in a noun phrase.See moreGramática:Noun phrases: complementsComplements come immediately after the head in a noun phrase. They are prepositional phrases or clauses which are necessary to complete the meaning of the noun. Without the complement, we wouldn’t understand what the noun was referring to.See moreGramática:Noun phrases: postmodifiersPostmodifiers come after the head in a noun phrase. They consist of adverb phrases, prepositional phrases and clauses. Postmodifiers give extra or specific information about the noun (e.g. place, possession, identifying features). Unlike complements, they are not necessary to complete the meaning.See moreGramática:Noun phrases: complements or postmodifiers?Complements are necessary to complete the meaning of a noun. Postmodifiers are not necessary; they give extra information about the noun which helps to identify it or locate it in some way. (The complement and the postmodifier are underlined below.)See moreGramática:Noun phrases: orderBefore the head of a noun phrase, determiners come first, then adjectives, then nouns acting as modifiers. The spoken stress is normally on the head.See moreGramática:Noun phrases: usesSee moreGramática:Noun phrases: noun phrases and verbsSee moreGramática:Noun phrases: two noun phrases togetherWe can put two noun phrases (np) together to refer to the same person or thing. This is called apposition:See more
(Definition of noun noun from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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