haveauxiliary verb [ + past participle ]uk strong /hæv/ weak /həv/ /əv/ us strong /hæv/ weak /həv/ /əv/ had, had also 've/'s
Diane's already gone. 黛安娜已经走了。
John hasn't phoned. 约翰没有打过电话。
I haven't visited London before. 我以前没去过伦敦。
Have you seen Roz? 你见过罗兹吗？
Has she been invited? 她接到邀请了吗？
- Talks between management and unions have collapsed.
- House prices have come down recently.
- Lots of people have complained about the noise.
- Many miners have suffered from the effects of coal dust in their lungs.
- I could never have achieved this without the encouragement of my husband and family.
have verb (POSSESS)
A1 [ T not continuous ] also 've/'s, UK also have got to own有，拥有
I've got two brothers. 我有两个兄弟。
have the decency, good sense, etc. to do sth
- These books have lovely clear print.
- The school likes to have a contact number for parents during school hours.
- Now that we have cable, we get a wonderfully crisp picture, even on our old TV.
- I love football, but unfortunately I have no talent as a player.
- At some point in the distant future I would like to have my own house.
have verb (BE ILL)
I've got a cold. 我感冒了。
- Following a routine check-up, Mrs Mason was discovered to have heart disease.
- Emily has a very nasty cough.
- She went home early because she had a bad headache.
- My sister has diabetes and has to give herself insulin injections.
- I had a terrible hangover the next morning.
- John had a heart attack three years ago.
have verb (DO)
I had a swim. 我游了会儿泳。
Why don't you have a rest? 你为什么不休息一下？
- She likes to have an afternoon nap.
- May I have a look at your newspaper?" "Of course you can."
- I'll bring some food along and we can have a picnic.
- I had a chat with my boss today about a possible salary increase.
- We had a dance and afterwards we sat outside and talked.
have verb (EAT/DRINK)
When are we having dinner? 我们什么时候吃饭？
- Make sure your hands are clean before you have your dinner.
- May I show you to your table, sir, or would you prefer to have a drink at the bar first?
- My father always has a biscuit and a cup of tea at bedtime.
- Let's go out on Friday - we'll have a curry and then go to the movies.
- Why don't we have lunch together on Friday?
have verb (RECEIVE/ALLOW)
Here, have some more coffee. 来，再喝点咖啡。
In the end they solved their problems and she had him back (= allowed him to come and live with her again). 最后他们解决了问题，她允许他回到自己身边。
I looked in all the shops for Worcestershire sauce but there was none to be had (= none that anyone could obtain). 我跑遍了所有的商店，可全都没有细绳可买。
I kept telling him that you were French but he wouldn't have it (= would not accept that it was true). 我反复跟他说你是法国人，可是他就是不肯相信。
- You would be wise to have the appropriate vaccinations before you go abroad.
- Let me have your decision by next week.
- I don't want to diminish her achievements, but she did have a lot of help.
- I've had a letter from the tax authorities concerning my tax payments.
- My father wouldn't have any animals in the house.
have verb (MAKE HAPPEN)
- Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.
- This decision will have dire consequences for local people.
- I took the coat back to the shop to have it altered.
- Have you had your ears pierced? Oh yes, I can see you have.
- I haven't had my holiday photos developed yet.
have verb (SUFFER)
have verb (EXPERIENCE)
- I think she's very conscious of being the only person in the office who didn't have a university education.
- I sometimes have difficulty distinguishing Spanish from Portuguese.
- I've never had any doubt at all - I know this is the right thing to do.
- Like so many men, he has problems committing himself to a relationship.
- She had a strong desire to go back to her home country before she died.
have verb (BABY)
be having a baby, twins, etc.
- I expect they plan to have children in the course of time.
- Your life changes dramatically when you have a baby.
- They were so late getting to the hospital, she nearly had her baby in the taxi.
- Have you heard whether Susan's had the baby yet?
- My sister-in-law had two sets of twins.
have verb (SEX)
have (got) to do sth
- You have to go to college for a lot of years if you want to be a doctor.
- Those pictures will have to come down .
- We may have to sell the house, but I hope it won't come to that.
- Obviously teachers have to be good communicators.
- The children have to learn to tidy up after themselves .
A2 to need to or be forced必须，不得不
What time do you have to be there? 你得几点钟到那儿？
Do we have to finish this today? 我们今天必须把这事做完吗？