Greetings and farewells: hello, goodbye, Happy New Year - English Grammar Today - Cambridge Dictionaries Online Cambridge dictionaries logo

Greetings and farewells: hello, goodbye, Happy New Year

from English Grammar Today

Saying hello

When we see someone we know, we usually exchange greetings:

Good morning/afternoon/evening

Hello

Morning

Hi

Hi there

more formal

less formal

A:

Hi.

B:

Hello, how are you?

A:

Fine, thanks. How about you?

Saying goodbye

When we leave people, we usually say something as we leave:

Good night

Goodbye

Bye bye

Bye

See you later

See you

more formal

less formal

A:

See you later.

B:

OK. Bye.

Warning:

We use Good night only when we are leaving someone at the end of the day, before going home or going to bed:

[leaving someone’s house]

Good night. Thanks for a lovely evening.

[before going to bed]

I’m off to bed. Good night.

Congratulating and celebrating

We use different expressions for celebrations:

on special occasions

Happy New Year!

Happy birthday!

to wish someone luck before an important event

Good luck!

to congratulate someone

Well done!

Congratulations! (more formal)

We don’t say congratulations to wish someone a happy birthday:

Happy birthday, Nora.

Not: Congratulations, Nora.

(“Greetings and farewells: hello, goodbye, Happy New Year” from English Grammar Today © Cambridge University Press.)
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website
Word of the Day

drum

a musical instrument, especially one made from a skin stretched over the end of a hollow tube or bowl, played by hitting with the hand or a stick

Word of the Day

I used to work hard/I’m used to working hard (Phrases with ‘used to’)
I used to work hard/I’m used to working hard (Phrases with ‘used to’)
by Kate Woodford,
February 10, 2016
On this blog, we like to look at words and phrases in the English language that learners often have difficulty with. Two phrases that can be confused are ‘used to do something’ and ‘be used to something/doing something’. People often use one phrase when they mean the other, or they use the wrong

Read More 

farecasting noun
farecasting noun
February 08, 2016
predicting the optimum date to buy a plane ticket, especially on a website or using an app A handful of new and updated websites and apps are trying to perfect the art of what’s known as farecasting – predicting the best date to buy a ticket.

Read More