Greetings and farewells: hello, goodbye, Happy New Year - English Grammar Today - Cambridge Dictionaries Online Cambridge dictionaries logo
Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

Greetings and farewells: hello, goodbye, Happy New Year

from English Grammar Today

Saying hello

When we see someone we know, we usually exchange greetings:

Good morning/afternoon/evening

Hello

Morning

Hi

Hi there

more formal

less formal

A:

Hi.

B:

Hello, how are you?

A:

Fine, thanks. How about you?

Saying goodbye

When we leave people, we usually say something as we leave:

Good night

Goodbye

Bye bye

Bye

See you later

See you

more formal

less formal

A:

See you later.

B:

OK. Bye.

Warning:

We use Good night only when we are leaving someone at the end of the day, before going home or going to bed:

[leaving someone’s house]

Good night. Thanks for a lovely evening.

[before going to bed]

I’m off to bed. Good night.

Congratulating and celebrating

We use different expressions for celebrations:

on special occasions

Happy New Year!

Happy birthday!

to wish someone luck before an important event

Good luck!

to congratulate someone

Well done!

Congratulations! (more formal)

We don’t say congratulations to wish someone a happy birthday:

Happy birthday, Nora.

Not: Congratulations, Nora.

(“Greetings and farewells: hello, goodbye, Happy New Year” from English Grammar Today © Cambridge University Press.)
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website
There, their and they’re – which one should you use?
There, their and they’re – which one should you use?
by ,
April 27, 2016
by Liz Walter If you are a learner of English and you are confused about the words there, their and they’re, let me reassure you: many, many people with English as their first language share your problem! You only have to take a look at the ‘comments’ sections on the website of, for example, a popular

Read More 

Word of the Day

sample

a small amount of something that shows you what the rest is or should be like

Word of the Day

bio-banding noun
bio-banding noun
April 25, 2016
in sport, grouping children according to their physical maturity rather than their age ‘When we’re grouping children for sports, we do it by age groups, but the problem is that, within those age groups, we get huge variations in biological age,’ said Dr Sean Cumming, senior lecturer at the University of Bath’s department for

Read More