Make - English Grammar Today - Cambridge Dictionaries Online
Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

The verb make can be used in a number of ways.

Make + object

We use make + object to talk about things that we produce or create:

She made some coffee.

Did you really make this table?

There are many expressions which use this pattern:

make a claim

make a mess

make a speech

make a complaint

make a mistake

make a start

make a concession

make a note

make a statement

make a date

make a phone call

make a wish

make a difference

make a point

make an appointment

make a fuss

make a profit/loss

make an effort

make a list

make a sound

Make + object (o) + adjective complement (ac)

Music makes [O]me [AC]happy.

Make + object (o) + noun complement (nc)

They made [O]her [NC]team captain for the coming year.

[at the lost luggage department at an airport]

A:

When am I going to get my suitcase?

B:

I promise you we’re going to make it a priority.

Make + indirect object (io) + direct object (do)

The chef made [IO]him [DO]a special cake.

Can I make you a cup of tea or coffee?

Make + object (o) + prepositional phrase (pp) with for

Can you make a [O]sandwich [pp with for]for Lisa as well? (or Can you make Lisa a sandwich as well?)

I’ve made an appointment for you at the dentist’s.

We don’t use the preposition to in this pattern with make:

I made pasta for our guests.

Not: I made pasta to our guests.

Make + object + adjective (or noun) complement + prepositional phrase with for

He made [O]life [AC] [PP with for]difficult for me.

What would make [O]it [NC]a better book [PP with for]for students?

Make meaning ‘force to do’

We can use make meaning ‘force someone (to do something)’. In the active voice, we use it with an infinitive without to:

The boss made me work an extra day.

Not: The boss made me to work

However, in the passive voice, we must use an infinitive with to:

The people were made to wait outside while the committee reached its decision.

(“Make” from English Grammar Today © Cambridge University Press. Need grammar practice? Try English Grammar Today with Workbook.)
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website
Word of the Day
post

something such as a message or picture that you publish on a website or using social media

Word of the Day

July 4th, Bastille Day, and the language of revolution.
July 4th, Bastille Day, and the language of revolution.
by Liz Walter,
July 01, 2015
With America’s Independence Day on the 4th and France’s Bastille Day on the 14th, July certainly has a revolutionary theme, so this blog looks at words and phrases we use to talk about the dramatic and nation-changing events that these days celebrate. In particular, it focuses on one of the most important

Read More 

burger noun
burger noun
June 29, 2015
a menu on a computer screen comprising three short parallel horizontal lines which the user clicks to see options Definitely use a burger. You could put the settings in the burger menu too. Fix the settings to the bottom of the burger menu and use a vertically scrolling contact list that scrolls behind

Read More