Help - Cambridge Dictionaries Online Cambridge dictionaries logo
Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

Phonetics

Jump to:

Pronunciations in the American English and Essential American English dictionary do not use the 'long vowel' marker /ː/ and, in place of the syllable division marker /./, they use a raised dot /·/.

Vowels

Long Vowels
sheep
ɑː farm
coo
ɔː horse
ɜː bird
Short Vowels
ɪ ship e head
æ hat ə above
ʊ foot ɚ mother (US)
ɒ sock (UK) ɝ worm (US)
ʌ cup

Consonants

Voiced
b book
d day
ɡ give
v very
ð the
z zoo
ʒ vision
jump
l look
r run
j yes
w we
m moon
n name
ŋ sing
Voiceless
p pen
t town
k cat
f fish
θ think
s say
ʃ she
cheese

Diphthongs

day
eye
ɔɪ boy
mouth
əʊ nose (UK)
nose (US)
ɪə ear (UK)
hair (UK)
ʊə pure (UK)

Other symbols

h /ˈhænd/
hand
ɒ̃ /ˈkwæs.ɒ̃/
croissant (UK)
i /ˈhæp.i/
happy
t ̬ /ˈbʌt ̬.ɚ/
butter (US)
u /ˌɪn.fluˈen.zə/
influenza
l ̩ /ˈlɪt.l ̩/
little

əl, əm, ən can be pronounced either: əl or l ̩ etc.:
/ˈleɪb.əl/ = /ˈleɪb.əl/ or /ˈleɪb.l̩/
r 
 
 
 
linking r is pronounced only before a vowel in British English:
fɔːr + ˈæp.l ̩z = fɔːˈræp.l ̩z
four + apples = four apples
ˈ main stress /ˌek.spekˈteɪ.ʃən/ expectation
ˌ secondary stress /ˌriːˈtell/ retell
. syllable division /ˈsɪs.təm/ system
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website
There, their and they’re – which one should you use?
There, their and they’re – which one should you use?
by ,
April 27, 2016
by Liz Walter If you are a learner of English and you are confused about the words there, their and they’re, let me reassure you: many, many people with English as their first language share your problem! You only have to take a look at the ‘comments’ sections on the website of, for example, a popular

Read More 

Word of the Day

planet

an extremely large, round mass of rock and metal, such as Earth, or of gas, such as Jupiter, that moves in a circular path around the sun or another star

Word of the Day

trigger warning noun
trigger warning noun
May 02, 2016
a warning that a subject may trigger unpleasant emotions or memories This is not, I should stress, an argument that trigger warnings should become commonplace on campus.

Read More