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English definition of “for”

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for

preposition  /fɔr, fər/ us  

for preposition (TO BE GIVEN)

intended to be given to: There’s a phone message for you on your desk. There will be a prize for the best costume at the party.

for preposition (PURPOSE)

having the purpose of: What do you imagine he uses this old thing for? Why don’t you take an aspirin for your headache (= to stop it)?

for preposition (BECAUSE OF)

because of; as a result of (doing something): She was stopped for speeding. The things we do for love! For some reason, she isn’t interested in going out at all tonight. Certain Chicago restaurants are famous for their deep-dish pizza.

for preposition (INSTEAD OF)

instead of; to help: Let me carry those groceries to the car for you.

for preposition (TIME/DISTANCE)

showing amount of time or distance: We drove for miles. She’s out of town for a few days on business.

for preposition (OCCASION)

on the occasion of or at the time of: What are you getting Mom and Dad for their anniversary? We’re planning a party for Stephen’s birthday. The neighbors invited us for dinner (= to eat with them). What’s for lunch (= what will we eat)?

for preposition (CONSIDERING)

considering (something or someone with reference to things or people as they usually are): This winter has been mild for Canada. I think Kristy is very mature for her age.

for preposition (SUPPORT)

in support of or agreement with: I voted for her in the last election. We thought about moving, and I was all for it, but my wife didn’t want to.

for preposition (IN RELATION TO)

in relation to (someone or something): Her feelings for him were obvious. That jacket is a bit big for you.

for preposition (PAYMENT)

(getting) in exchange: If I take the car in, it’ll be $45 for a tuneup.

for preposition (REPRESENTING)

representing (an organization or country): Michael works for a Washington-based foundation. She carried the flag for the US at the opening ceremonies.

for preposition (TOWARD)

toward; in the direction of: Just follow signs for the airport once you’re on the highway.

for preposition (MEANING)

meaning; representing: What’s another word for "happy"?

for preposition (TO GET)

in order to get or have: I had to wait half an hour for the bus. Call the phone number below for more information.

for preposition (DUTY)

the duty or responsibility of: It’s not for her to say whether I should cut my hair.

for

conjunction  /fɔr, fər/ us  

for conjunction (BECAUSE)

because; as: She told the truth, for she had nothing to lose.
(Definition of for from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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