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English definition of “penalize”

penalize

verb [T]  /ˈpi·nəlˌɑɪz, ˈpen·əl-/ us  
to punish someone, esp. for breaking the law or a rule: The new law penalizes the taxpayers who can least afford to pay. Boone was penalized for unnecessary roughness and thrown out of the game.
(Definition of penalize from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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