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English definition of “advance”

advance

verb uk   /ədˈvɑːns/ us    /-ˈvæns/

advance verb (MOVE FORWARD)

[I or T] to go or move something forward, or to develop or improve something: The fire advanced steadily through the forest. The troops advanced on the city (= approached it, ready to attack). We have advanced greatly in our knowledge of the universe. Her study has considerably advanced (= helped) the cause of equal rights. He's just trying to advance (= improve) his own career.

advance verb (PAY)

[T] to pay someone some money before the regular time: [+ two objects] Could you advance me £50 until Tuesday?

advance verb (SUGGEST)

[T] formal to suggest an idea or theory: the theory advanced in this article

advance verb (INCREASE)

[I] If something such as a share price advances, it increases in value: On the New York Stock Exchange 1,228 issues advanced and 1,157 declined .

advance

noun uk   /ədˈvɑːns/ us    /-ˈvæns/

advance noun (MOVEMENT)

B2 [C or U] the forward movement of something, or an improvement or development in something: Nothing could stop the advance of the floodwaters. Recent advances in medical science mean that this illness can now be cured.

advance noun (MONEY)

money paid to someone before the regular time: She asked for a £300 advance on her salary.

advance noun (SEX)

[C usually plural] an attempt to start a sexual or romantic relationship with someone: She rejected his unwelcome advances.

advance noun (PRICE)

[C] something such as a share price that increases in value: Declining stocks easily defeated advances 413 to 302.

advance

adjective [before noun] uk   /ədˈvɑːns/ us    /-ˈvæns/
happening, done, or ready before an event: advance payment/booking We got no advance warning/notice of the changes.
(Definition of advance from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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