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English definition of “although”

although

conjunction     /ɔːlˈðəʊ/ US  /ɑːlˈðoʊ/
B1 despite the fact that: She walked home by herself, although she knew that it was dangerous. He decided to go, although I begged him not to.Connecting words which express a contrast B1 but: He's rather shy, although he's not as bad as he used to be. She'll be coming tonight, although I don't know exactly when.Connecting words which express a contrast Grammar:Although or though?See moreGrammar:Although and though meaning ‘in spite of’Although and though both mean ‘in spite of something’. They are subordinating conjunctions. This means that the clause which they introduce is a subordinate clause, which needs a main clause to make it complete:See moreGrammar:Although and though meaning ‘but’When the although/though clause comes after a main clause, it can also mean ‘but it is also true that …’:See moreGrammar:Though meaning ‘however’See moreGrammar:As thoughAs though has a meaning very similar to as if. As if is much more common than as though:See moreGrammar:Conjunctions: contrastingThe conjunctions but and although/though connect ideas that contrast. Whereas is also used but it is not as common:See moreGrammar:ButBut is a coordinating conjunction used to connect ideas that contrast. Coordinating conjunctions connect items which are the same grammatical type.See moreGrammar:Although/thoughAlthough/though can be used to contrast ideas. Although/though are subordinating conjunctions used to connect a subordinate clause to a main clause, like after, as, before, if, since, that, even though, even if.See moreGrammar:But or although?But cannot be used in the same way as although/though. We use but to connect items which are the same grammatical type (coordinating conjunction).See moreGrammar:Even though, even ifEven though and even if are also used as subordinating conjunctions in the same way as although/though. Even though is similar to although but it makes a stronger contrast:See moreGrammar:Conjunctions: typical errors[from a brochure advertising an English course in London]See more
(Definition of although conjunction from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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