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English definition of “analogy”

analogy

noun [C or U] uk   /əˈnæl.ə.dʒi/ us  
C2 a comparison between things that have similar features, often used to help explain a principle or idea: He drew an analogy between the brain and a vast computer. It is sometimes easier to illustrate an abstract concept by analogy with (= by comparing it with) something concrete.Comparing and contrastingTypifying, illustrating and exemplifyingMeaning and significanceSimilar and the sameDescribing people with the same qualities
analogous
adjective uk   /əˈnæl.ə.ɡəs/ us  
C2 The experience of mystic trance is in a sense analogous to sleep or drunkenness.Similar and the sameDescribing people with the same qualities
(Definition of analogy from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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